will we be ready? - chemical spill kit
Signature: registered Christian Hill
When researchers began piecing together the Cascadia push Belt 30 years ago to generate huge potential, there was not much attention
Could destroy the earthquake in the Pacific Northwest.
"When it all comes to light, conversations like this can attract 15 to 20 people, mostly survivors," says Chris Goldfinger, an ancient seismological scientist at Oregon State University, it is also one of the world's most important experts on the fault line stretching along the Oregon coast.
"Now I think everyone is starting to realize that it affects all of us.
"The threat posed by the fault line has received more attention since a vivid story published last month in The New Yorker magazine, the title is "really spread quickly through social media.
The story sparked August.
In six forums at the University of Oregon, 500 people listened to the golden finger and other researchers detailing the science behind the fault line that was able to produce the strongest earthquake on Earth, the inevitable earthquake, and how individuals and communities can prepare for the consequences of the earthquake.
The magazine's report has attracted many people's attention and has also caused some people to panic, prompting the business growth of local contractors and EU enterprises selling emergency supplies.
Emergency managers, government officials and others say the story is a call to action for individuals and communities to be prepared, whether for the sake of a large
Earthquakes or other natural disasters that can seriously damage daily life.
"We need to think about what we would do if we woke up tomorrow morning and Cascadia was shaking," said Josh Bruce, director of the Oregon Disaster Recovery Partnership, A research project in collaboration with public and private organizations to create a disasterElastic state.
"We also need to think and are crossing our fingers to understand what happens if there is no earthquake in 50 years, because. . .
Our preparations for today are not 50 years from now. if we do something and we do it right, we can better resist earthquakes.
"If you haven't read or heard the story of The New Yorker, this is the version of CliffsNotes.
The Cascadia dive belt is 700 miles off the Pacific coast from Northern California to BC.
It is home to the ocean plate.
One of the giant solid rocks that form the outermost hard shell of our planet --
It is located under the North American plate, which is the plate under the sliding.
The ocean plate moves millimeters at a time, and the collision is not smooth.
The enormous forces formed and released regularly in the process produce three types of earthquakes.
The first is a shallow earthquake caused by constant friction along the internal cracks of the North American plate.
The fourth earthquake near Walter Ville was the latest.
The second is a deep earthquake from the hudanfuka plate, which has slipped to the edge of the North American plate.
A magnitude 2001 earthquake struck near Olympia.
This is a notable example recently.
The third is a partial or full breakdown along the push Belt itself, the theme of The New Yorker story.
The longer the fault line breaks, the more energy is released, and the more destructive the earthquake is.
The researchers said that in the next 50 years, the probability of a fault breaking along its full length was 10 to 20%, resulting in a strong earthquake.
In the same period, the fault of the southern length of the fault has the possibility of 25 to 40%, resulting in earthquakes between magnitude 8 and 9.
The researchers have been able to determine the exact date and approximate time of the last push belt earthquake: about 9 p. m. on Jan. 26, 1700.
The good news is: the fault is located on the Ocean coast of the area, so it is away from the main population center and can give residents some early warning if the alarm system being developed is running.
The bad news is: the fault is located off the coast of the area, so its rupture will cause a tsunami and damage the coastal area.
The New Yorker report takes about 6,000 words, but the public's focus is mainly on a sentence from officials of the Federal Emergency Management Agency: "Our assumption is that everything west of Interstate 5 will be baked.
Linda Cook, Lane County emergency manager, said that while the story was "very helpful in raising people's awareness," she thought the comment was a point in its turn to a sensational effect.
She said: "I think this is out of context and inaccurate . " She also added that she had received letters from more than one person who or her family asked him or her if he or she planned to move because of an earthquake threat.
The story is not accepted by the emergency management community, Cook said, because they don't think fear is the primary motivation to prepare residents.
She said it is important for the magazine report to describe "people have a more deeply rooted culture of preparation for any type of danger, not just the doomsday earthquake.
So what is "toast "?
No, it's not a scene where every building in Lane County is razed to the ground, where a huge ocean tsunami swamped everything west of the Valley or interstate and slid
In this case, roads and bridges will not be accessible, buildings will collapse, deaths and injuries will occur, sewers and water lines will break and emergency rescue workers will be stretched.
In other words, your day-to-day life will be severely disrupted and you may be living alone for a few weeks.
While predicting possible death and destruction of natural disasteris, Oregon's recovery plan, the 2013-month national blueprint on how to overcome the massive earthquake and tsunami, provideits best guess: between 650 and 5,000 people were killed in the earthquake, and another 5,000 were killed in the tsunami. related deaths.
24,000 buildings were destroyed and 85,000 were seriously damaged, which took several months to be repaired.
27,600 displaced families.
The economy lost about $32 billion.
The plan concluded that it would take several weeks and months to restore basic services that residents and businesses rely on a daily basis.
For the willamit Valley, the plan estimates that it will take one to three months to restore electricity, one month to one year to restore drinking water and sewers, and six months to one year to partially restore the top.
These timelines extend the region.
The communities in the Valley will see a short timeline.
Doug Tomé, a professor of geophysical physics at UO, said: "This area will be destroyed, but it will not be catastrophic because every building will collapse when you walk outside, on the forum
"It's going to be an urgent issue in a few days and weeks because of the many things we rely on --
Fuel, water, electricity and food
It's hard to find us.
"The story has prompted, followed, and in some cases, the residents of panic take action.
Two local foundation contractors reported that in order to prevent the House from slipping in the earthquake, the number of residents seeking to tie the house to the foundation increased significantly.
Ken Marquardt, owner of Ram Jack West, attributed the increase to the magazine article.
He said that his business is mainly to repair the foundation, and he has received more than 100 requests for earthquake-resistant renovation in the past two months.
Usually, he says, there may be a couple each month.
"It's crazy," he said . "
In order to meet the growing demand, Marquardt said, he had to appoint a contract engineer to specialize in these modifications.
Companies are preparing for the future, he said.
"It's not like the threat of an earthquake will soon disappear," he said . ".
Maggie Van Donne, senior manager of solid ground foundation repair, reported similar growth in the business.
Van Doon said that past demands for earthquake work often came from elderly and coastal residents.
"Right now, we 've got a lot of interest from all over lannoty and from Portland and the coast," she said . ".
She notes that many people have seen the story of The New Yorker on social media, and some are a little panicked about it and share it.
It must have been a virus.
"Brian Nelson, the owner of the epicenter.
Com, seeing more customers visiting his warehouse in West Eugene, he attributed this to the story. The 20-year-
The old online business sells emergency food and supplies.
Number of walks-
He said that orders for in and pickup have increased from Monday to two to seven to ten per week.
Customers have made it clear that they have read the magazine report, Nielsen said.
"I just started," he recalls . "
"What do you recommend?
Nielsen's wife, Janet, said: "So far, in July and August, total orders in Oregon and Washington increased by 5% and 77% respectively from the same period last year, the person in charge of the business
The couple said they usually see business peaks when natural disasters cause a lot of media attention.
Worried about radiation from the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, they summoned people waiting for the warehouse to open in 2011 to buy potassium iodine tablets.
In this case, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant suffered a magnitude 9 earthquake and tsunami, the worst nuclear accident since the Chernobyl accident.
"There is nothing you can do about natural events other than knowing that you are ready," says Janet Nelson . ".
"We do have a lot of people who are very worried.
"Public institutions across the state and across the state are taking steps to prepare for large public institutions.
Late last month, Governor
Kate Brown signed a law that created the first resilient official in the state-the Cabinet --
Level positions that oversee earthquake safety work and preparation of state institutions.
Lawmakers agreed to put $0. 175 billion into grants that school districts can apply for to improve schools at risk of collapse in the great earthquake.
The US Geological Survey and several universities, including theUO, have been developing an earthquake warning system. (
When Mexico City began operating the sucha system in 1991, Mexico was the first country to operate the sucha system. )
Toomey said such a system would give Eugene a two-minute alert, a three-minute alert to Portland, reminding him of the impending shaking in the Cascadia earthquake.
Late last month, the United StatesS. Rep.
Peter DeFazio, D-
Springfield has introduced a bill that directs the Federal Emergency Management Agency to fund an early warning system called ShakeAlert.
"The early warning system can alert and trigger evacuation of trains, production lines, closed bridges and unsafe schools," said a press release from his office . ".
"It can help reduce the length of time
Long-term economic losses that are often excluded from damage estimates. " The U. S.
Army Corps of Engineers are studying whether
Quake can lead to the failure of one or more floods
Control the dam in the Willamette Valley.
Researchers say such an earthquake is likely to trigger the destruction of one or more dams and drown Eugene.
The Springfield area is highly unlikely.
Federal agency spokesman Scott Clements said corpsdon didn't know how good its dams would be in such an earthquake because they were built before scientists determined the Submarine Zone
However, he said that observations from other countries that had experienced similar earthquakes to the Cascadia incident gave the agency confidence.
"We have seen 9. 0 or high 8.
A magnitude 0 earthquake occurred in other countries (
Including Chile and Japan)
"There are areas where there are many dams," he said . ".
"Without exception, these dams have performed very, very well without failure.
"Locally, the Eugene hydropower Commission is working on a project to develop a second water source along willammetville.
Now, the utility pulls all the water out of two entrances along the mackinqi River.
Earlier this month, the commissioner directed General Manager RogerGray to purchase two packages from Wildish Land Co.
Downstream of the new inlet.
EWEB plans to build a second water source online by 2022, including the atro plant.
It will provide half of the daily winter consumption in the region, which is enough to meet basic health and safety needs.
The price tag is estimated at $67 million.
The second water source is designed to provide backup options for utilities when earthquakes, chemical leaks, extreme drought or other events occur.
"In terms of providing water, your eggs are not in one basket," said Joe Harwood, a utility spokesman . ".
Follow Christian on Twitter @ RGchill. Emailchristian.
Hill @ registerguard. com.
Preparing an earthquake here is a step you and your family can take to prepare for an earthquake or other disaster in the Acadia prone belt.
There is more information in shakeout.
Oregon and bit. ly/1TDKd2O.
Make a basic contingency plan for your family and discuss it.
Designate friends or family members who live outside your area as contacts for your family.
Keep in mind: mobile phones and internet services are likely to not work or overload after the big earthquake.
Designate a family gathering place to be aware that the driving of the vehicle will be affected by inaccessible roads and bridges.
If you live in the tsunami zone, take the evacuation route to the Highlands, both during the day and at night.
Don't think the earthquake will cause the roads and bridges to be impassable, you can drive to these areas.
Tidy up your camping gear so everything is safe and reliable after the earthquake.
Emergency supply kit to keep food, water and medication for 7 to 14 days, this is the first time
The first aid kit and other survival items and tools began in three days.
The federal Center for Disease Control and Prevention has a comprehensive list. usa. gov/1N6qtpP.
Bring your water heaters as they can cause damage or property damage if they fall in an earthquake.
Ensure the safety of bookshelves and other furniture that may fall.
Intermediate assessment connects your home to your foundation.
Store and rotate at least two-
Food and water supply for a week.
Earthquake insurance survey
There are spare temporary power supplies and spare cooking fuel on hand.
Start saving for any disaster-related costs.
There is an advanced supply of excess water and energy.
Expand your preparation by mapping your neighbors.
There is more information on Www. preporegon.
Grow and preserve food.
Develop a solid waste treatment plan.
Family emergency drills are held regularly.
A month-long live broadcast of "off-grid.