why cloth diapers might not be the greener choice, after all - super absorbent polymer manufacturers in the world
Precious but inconspicuous diapers are the first mass.
Produced in 1887, a rectangular regular
Until the one-time version appeared, the dirty, washable cotton cloth had not been improved for more than 60 years.
Since then, cloth diapers have struggled with its more convenient diapers (
More active marketing)counterpart.
1990 of American babies wear disposable items, accounting for more than 70%;
Today is more than 95%.
However, due to the desire of parents to make environmental and social-responsible choices in raising their children, the fabric has recently reemerged.
"Greener" and "more natural" are parents in a D. C.
The online forum describes cloth diapers based on environmental factors
Long-term cost and health benefits of placing natural materials on baby skin.
One or two people admitted that their choice also took into account the guilt and peer pressure.
Katie Anthony is the mother of two children and a Seattle native.
Kate's blogger. com, cloth-
Wearing diapers for her first child, but diapers for her second child, sighs, "When you take out the diaper essence bag from the bucket, you'll see it full of NASA's
I invented a synthetic fiber soaked in human waste and it was just a dirty little sausage and part of me was really sad.
"But those old disposable diapers may be better than the alleged green alternatives.
Despite the growing share market for allin-
A reusable diaper made of synthetic materials, most cloth diapers are still pre-folded cotton --
Rectangular fabric suitable for waterproof lining.
Cotton, as a crop and fabric, has damaged its reputation for safety and green.
Safety, which is a concern raised by some people by chemicals and dyes in disposable supplies, in the eyes of onlookers;
Cotton production is so Chemical
This is directly related to poor producer health.
With regard to environmental friendliness, data on cotton is harmful.
If "better for the Earth" includes a better concept for residents, then the social dimension of cotton diapers is clearly more harmful than disposable items.
Cotton fertilizer is the main source of greenhouse gas emissions, and transporting cotton from farms to industrial raw materials, spinning mills and textile mills will generate transport emissions, coupled with repeated energy emissions
Intensive heating and cooling processes.
Stephanie Hansen, director of policy communications at an environmental non-profit organization in Washington, investigated the delivery process of her diaper service to ensure that the vehicles were fuelefficient.
"It's important to me because I don't want the environmental benefits [that] brings
Cancel the service, "she said.
However, in the 570 kg-year-old money laundering process alone, the carbon footprint of prefolds is estimated to be 1/2 of CO2 equivalent, exceeding the carbon footprint of disposable products, 550 kg of CO2 equivalent.
Hansen is also concerned about the use of water in laundry cloth diapers, but with cotton, the input of water will increase before washing.
Cotton is an extremely dry crop.
Although about 30 diapers can meet the function of 4,000 disposable items, the amount of water used in the fabric is almost 9 times that of the replacement.
It is estimated that 30 diapers consumed 1/1,221 of water in crop irrigation, processing, weaving, manufacturing and washing for 2 m³ years.
At the same time, the water used to make these 4,000 disposable products flows in at a relatively mild 141 m³.
And cotton-contaminated water, one of the world's worst pesticides. heavy crops.
Cotton covers 5% of farmland in India, but 54% of pesticide use is doused every year.
These pesticides will penetrate into the groundwater and eventually return to the hands of consumers.
Tea, soda and drinking water in them.
The industry also has a painful and enduring history of exploitation.
Top cotton in the world
China, India, the United States, Pakistan, Brazil and Uzbekistan
The crop is linked to price gouging by suppliers, food insecurity and forced labor.
This is not to say that disposable items are getting full marks in terms of environmental or social impact.
Today's disposable items are mainly made of plastic and super
Absorption Polymer for petroleum products.
The world's demand for plastics is so great that although polymers and plastics were once by-products of fuel, new production processes are now working on making them.
Disposable diapers in the United States end up almost all in landfill, where they release 20 times more methane than carbon dioxide.
Some disposable brands, such as honest companies.
The seventh generation claimed to solve the problem by selling unbleached, compostable diapers.
However, unless parents compost them at home, these "ecology
Friendly "disposable items are just as guilty as a helper for the emissions of greenhouse gases from urban garbage facilities.
The seventh generation of users may be particularly disappointed to find that the soil color of their diapers is achieved through dyes.
But recent improvements to standard disposable items have changed the ecological balance.
The number of oil products and pine trees has decreased significantly
The pulp "fluff" in disposable diapers reduces the use of forest products and the number of landfill sites.
The Environmental Protection Agency's partnership is transforming methane into energy and fuel in some third landfill sites across the country and plans for more upgrades.
In addition, Pampers and hugies manufacturers are sourcing all their trees from certified, responsibly managed forests.
Hugo Gies has piloted a diaper compost program in New Zealand, which is currently being promoted in Europe and Australia.
According to Heather Valento, unwilling to fall behind, Pampers has reduced manufacturing waste by 78% in the past five years, 9% of CO2 emissions, 8% of energy consumption and 4% of water consumption, a spokeswoman for parent company P & G.
If environmental improvements related to disposable supplies do not affect Cotton
Diaper fan, maybe a one-off working condition
Wan of Pampers and curious subsidiaries
P & G and Kimberly
Manufacturing is America. S. -
The employees of both companies are paid higher than the national minimum wage, and the hourly rate is above $11.
At Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
And Mehoopany, Pa.
According to the life of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in the right place to produce Pampers, wages plus the company's welfare package can support two adults. Salary Calculator(
Hugo Gies did not provide details on the location of its manufacturing facilities or the nature of the benefits. )
However, whether new parents choose cloth or disposable diapers, the good news is that the two are increasingly responsible choices for consumers, the planet, and people in the supply chain.
In order to improve their social and environmental records, embrace and Pampers are competing, Cotton
Diaper manufacturers are adopting similar trends slowly and irregularly.
While the production of traditional diapers is almost impossible to track, responsible suppliers are promoting ethical certification.
The Global Organic Textile Standard GOTS certification cotton production process is organic while requiring labor conditions to be favorable to workers, and air and water emissions meet strict standards.
The audit is notoriously tricky, but at least consumers can know
Diaper suppliers are working to eliminate child labor, forced labor, harmful pesticide use and waste of irrigation practices.
Efforts to support greater transparency and accountability in the cotton supply chain may be counter-productive
Waste parents' persistence (
Responsible to society)cloth options.
The textile and garment industry is an important part of economic development, and consumers who demand safety conditions and fair wages for farmers and industrial workers can help ensure that this development benefits everyone, not just wealthy factory owners
Other opportunities to become responsible global citizens are emerging. in-
A diaper market
Cotton baby, manufacturer of BumGenius diapers, operates 70-
Personnel packaging facilities in St
Louis, whose employees have a living wage, can take their children to work and have 26 days of paid leave a year.
CEO Jennifer Rabit started cotton baby for $100 after losing programming early on
2000 tech bubble.
She created more than $300 in the company. S.
There are estimated to be 3 jobs provided through charity work.
2 million change diapers for welfare parents free of charge and they are on loan using bumGenius diapers. Its 250-
Denver's individual subcontracting assembly facility does not offer wages or benefits similar to Pampers or hugs to the company, but it does seek all environmental and social improvements from raw materials to diapers themselves.
Most of them are synthetic. in-
No contribution to the social and environmental footprint of cotton (
Insert diapers use GOTS and pass Oeko-
Cotton certified by Tex).
Parents who are trying to do the right thing for the Earth and for humanity may consider pushing synthetic all-in-
A producer raises prices and benefits manufacturing workers directly.
Cotton Babies audit the facilities of suppliers at home and abroad, but Labit admits, "there is only so much I control.
"But before business growth makes it possible for Cotton Babies, etc --
Companies with ideas take advantage of the authority on suppliers until high
Ultimately, consumers agree to pay more for quality diapers to ensure the welfare of workers, and disposable diapers may still be a more ethical and convenient diaper option.
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