special report: oil on the beach - water absorbent pads
First off the coast of RiskAt, it's just another ship on the horizon.
But American businessmen suddenly became stronger.
An accident near Huntington Beach caused 400,000 gallons of Alaska crude to surge from the ship.
The impact of the leak will be felt in the coming months, the biggest leak in Southern California in 20 years.
Palos verdes PENINSULAThe has many marine life, rocks and picturesque coastlines that may be affected.
Long Beach amistos Bay contains hundreds of yachts and high
Priced homes on the waterfront.
To prevent oil leakage, the Anaheim baycontain boom is placed opposite the mouth.
The bay is the entrance to the waterways surrounded by houses and wildlife.
It is also a conservation facility for fish.
Abundant birds, plants and marine life can be damaged by leakage.
California brown pelican, terns and light-
Feet of endangered species living in wetlands.
Huntington Beach is one of the areas most affected by oil.
Smooth fingers hit the beach, leaving foam-like oil lines along several segments.
The National Park is a rescue station for dozens of birds hurt by leaks.
Santa Ana riverbohm has secured the safety of the estuary, which has a minimum of a shelter for terns.
Newport Beach declared a state of emergency.
The cleaning staff washed the beach with a suction pad.
The boom covers the harbor.
The Upper Bay reserve has 165 species of migratory birds and birds, 60 species of fish, 20 species of amphibious reptiles and 10 species of mammals.
Fact: overflow profile: US trader, 800-foot tanker.
The accident happened around 4: 30. m.
Wednesday: about two miles from Huntington Beach on the Golden West Coast.
Oil spill: an estimated 400,000 gallons.
Oil slick: continue to spread and change shape with changing winds and tides, moving on and off shore.
Threatened Wildlife: Dozens of seagulls, Greyhound, morants and sco fish were washed ashore after they spilled.
Several wetlands where fish nurseries are located are also threatened.
Clean: Skimmer boat sweeping the ocean.
The oil on the beach was cleaned up by hundreds of paid staff and volunteers using a suction pad.
Leak Location on the first night (
Wind 4 miles per hour from South)Day Two (
Wind 20 miles per hour from west)Day Three (
5 miles per hour from the West Wind)
Anchor: the culprit?
The American businessman is carrying oil at a berth near Huntington Beach, apparently hitting the anchor, digging two holes in the hull and spilling 400,000 gallons of crude. 1)
Swell and shake boats in shallow water. 2)
The ship drifted over the port anchor and wrapped the chain around the ship's head.
When the crew lifted the port anchor, officials thought it hit the starboard side of the hull, leaving three
Feet and another hole. 3)
Some senior pilots suspected that the tanker had hit an anchor while parked on the bottom of the sea in shallow water. Sources: U. S.
Coast Guard, news report oil spill cleanup: advanced ships collecting and recycling oil in a system have skipped the ocean's largest "oil skimming" to deal with the oil spill.
Other systems typically use smaller ships to deploy the boom containing oil, and then recover the oil by putting the skimming device in the middle of the patch.
Moving through the oil, the vessel passes directly through the middle of the oil block at a speed of about 2 knots.
Stretch out your arms and the boat can clear the path about 145 feet wide.
Separate the oil and water, and the oil and sea water are delivered to the tank on board.
Then separate the mixture (using gravity)
The sea was sent back to the ocean.
Only about 1,200 barrels of recycled oil can be stored per ship.
Oil at the top of each U-shaped
The oil is collected in a small shell. The oil-
Pump the seawater mixture into the container for separation.
Deploy two 50-
The foot arm extends from both sides of the ship.
There are two of these weapons deployed-and-a-
Half foot skirt made of rubber material.
The boom is positioned in U shape
The shape behind the arm.
Environment: attacks on the food chain can take years to know the full extent of environmental damage-
As the toxic effects of oil go through the food chain.
The oil is absorbed by the lower elements in the chain-
Reptiles and mussels-
Pass them fish for a living
Birds and mammals can be adversely affected by eating this poisonous fish.
Sea lions, marine mammals, have the potential to lose insulation value if exposed to oil.
Dolphins and whales seem to be able to avoid oil, but they are affected if they eat contaminated food.
Since it is not the breeding season now, the direct impact of oil on most adult fish on the Orange County coast is expected to be small.
The most worrying thing is the fish that eat contaminated food.
Another problem is the bottom.
If oil falls under the sea, residential fish like the big hali fish may be affected.
These soft animals accumulate Qingkou and snail oil.
Toxins can be transmitted to several birds, such as golden-eyed birds, harlequin ducks and oyst fish.
These creatures, living on the beach and salt marsh, are covered with a large amount of oil or killed by its toxic effects.
Clams, oysters, sluslu, sponges and other animals are important food sources for many marine animals.
In waters near Orange County, thousands of migratory birds and resident seabirds may die after eating oil while trying to clean up their feathers.
Another major cause of oil death
The covered birds have a low body temperature: their feathers no longer insulate their bodies.
Poultry: clean up birds.
Birds taken to Huntington Beach treatment center are usually shocked.
* Evaluation and marking of injured birds.
They are placed in a warm, dark container to calm them down and prevent them from cleaning themselves to avoid swallowing oil.
* The bird is tube-fed a high-
"Bird joy" to remove the intake of oil ".
* Solution for cleaning birds by one-
Dawn hand sanitizer and three
Some warm water.
* Washers work in groups of two, a set of bills that clamp the bird while cleaning the Bill of the bird.
It takes up to 15 rinses before removing the oil. * A Q-
Tips are used to clean the Bill of the bird.
The threatened eco-reserve New Port and Bolsa Chica eco-reserve are the areas where oil pollution may cause the greatest harm.
The two protected areas are temporary homes for thousands of migratory birds and marine life.
It is worrying that birds may take oil residue back into their nests and kill eggs.
Fortunately, there are not many migratory species in the region.