soiled diapers stuck in landfills - absorbent gel material
It is estimated that it will take more than 200 years for used disposable diapers to break down in landfill sites.
According to the findings of the National Solid Waste Management Department (JPSPN)
Our 12% landfill is made up of disposable diaper waste.
This is almost the same as the total amount of plastic waste in our landfill.
In the country, particularly at the state level, there are many movements to reduce or even prohibit the use of plastic and polystyrene.
However, neither the government nor the private sector is doing a campaign here to encourage recycling used disposable diapers.
According to research by Dr Theng Lee Chong, an environmental and waste management expert, disposable diaper waste has been neglected in the country.
He cited a report sent to the National Diaper Service Association of the United States;
No one knows how long it will take to break down disposable diapers.
However, at least 250-500 years.
"They do not degrade well in landfill sites and will maintain their original weight, volume and shape," Dr. Theng said . ".
He added super absorbent gel and plastic materials to disposable diapers that break down longer;
It may even last as long as 500.
"Imagine that even when you were great, the diapers your child wore today would be in the landfill --
"Big Kids," he said.
According to a study done last year, some are 1.
Children aged 62 million to twoand-
Half a year old in this country.
If each child uses 6 disposable diapers a day, then there will be 3.
We have 5 billion landfill sites every year.
Malaysians use about 9.
He said 72 million diapers a day.
Dr Theng added that feces
Full disposable diapers are large in size, heavy in weight and contain moisture.
The weight of disposable diapers used by children is between 0. 3kg and 0. 5kg a piece.
A conservative figure shows that the weight of disposable diapers discarded within a year may be 1.
5 million tons.
If an adult male elephant weighs 1,800 kg, then 1.
5 million tons is equivalent to the weight of more than 833,000 elephants.
"If we use a conservative number, 10 million disposable diapers used a day;
"In two days, we can arrange disposable diapers along the coastline of the Malaysian peninsula, which is 2,068 km long," Dr. Theng said . ".
He came to this figure by arranging 10 used disposable diapers in a row, about 1 m long.
Dr. Theng said there was no effort to promote the recycling of diapers;
Or the garbage separation of disposable diapers in China.
The number and impact of disposable diapers is huge, but in our waste separation movement, disposable diapers are classified as non-
Recyclable and poured into landfill.
"We often hear about the movement to ban plastic and plastic products for food packaging.
"However, there is no recycling of diapers in the country and no one is discussing the issue.
He said: "Now all used diapers are piled up . "
Dr. Theng said diapers can be recycled, but only the government and relevant authorities take the lead in the campaign can diapers be recycled.
He added that there is currently no demand for the disposable diaper recycling business.
"If the government sets policies or sets up legal frameworks, it is possible to encourage the recycling of disposable diapers," he said . ".
Dr. Theng said that if the government is involved, it can effectively establish a mechanism for collection, processing and recycling.
He said that is what developed countries like Japan do.
He added that the government could actually set standards for disposable diapers.
"Some diapers can only be used for a few hours.
"The price of these diapers is usually cheaper.
"Unfortunately, because of the low absorption capacity, this encourages people to use more diapers," he said . " That means more diapers will eventually be buried, he added.
Dr Theng said recycled diapers were converted into fuel in some cities in Japan.
"They are made into small balls and used as fuel in the factory," he said . ".
Dr. Theng said disposable diapers were used not only by children but also by sick elderly people.
"We also have to remember that older people will use larger diapers and therefore produce more waste.
"No research has been done on this at the moment," Dr. Theng said . ".
He added that with the introduction of cheaper disposable diapers, the penetration rate of disposable diapers in the market is increasing.
This will only encourage more use, especially at low
As a result, the number of users will increase, adding that the situation has an impact on the environment
Plastic composition, global warming, water pollution and public health, air pollution and non-pollution in solid waste
This includes the consumption of renewable resources.
"Methane emissions occur, and groundwater may ooze due to the presence of organic waste.
"Methane is the greenhouse gas that causes global warming.
"Human feces may contain harmful pathogens and may eventually leak into local water bodies or pollute groundwater and may lead to public exposure through insects, pets and rodents," he said . ".
Dr. Theng said that when incomplete combustion occurs, the two most dangerous toxins produced are Diying and Budweiser.
When diapers are burned without proper controls, greenhouse gases, chlorine and carbon monoxide are also produced.
"The biggest health risk of burning diapers in the open air at the waste disposal site is the inhalation of smoke and smell.
"Ash that may be dispersed by the wind or lost by water may contain toxic pollutants, which may cause breathing problems," he said . ".
Centre for Environment, Technology and Development, Malaysia (Cetdem)
Anthony Tan, executive director, said disposable diapers keep moisture in the landfill and attract more water.
"These are all trapped moisture and will not enter the water cycle that will lead to water droplets.
"We are not sure what happens when the garbage enters the landfill," he said . ".
He added that there is also a problem with what happens when stray animals eat these discarded disposable diapers.
"We are not sure what will happen to our other ecosystems, such as animals," Tan said . " He suggested that the public could find alternatives to diapers, such as cloth diapers.
"We should no longer rely on 100% disposable diapers," he said . " He added that parents should consider other greener products --
Friendly options such as cloth diapers.
At the same time, the Malaysian Association of Plastic Manufacturers (MPMA)
Project manager Francis valdrez says disposable diapers are made from materials such as cotton and plastic.
It will make it more difficult to recycle disposable diapers, he said, but it can be done.
Disposable diapers are a complex product.
"Disposable diapers are not recycled in the country.
It's not easy, "he said.
Cloth diaperslavia supiayah, 33, has a child who says she spends most of her time with Cloth diapers because she wants to be both cost-effective and kind to the environment.
According to her calculations, in just one year, she can save between RM3 000 and rm5000 by using cloth diapers.
However, she will only use disposable diapers for her children if necessary, such as going to do a feature that can take hours.
"I 've known from earlier that these disposable diapers are non-biodegradable.
"The extra cash I get with cloth diapers is used to buy nutritious food for my kids," she said . ".
Lavania says it's not a hassle for her to clean cloth diapers because she has a planned system.
"I have a few cloth diapers and I rotate them," said the working mother who washed the old cloth diapers every day.
Melle Abdul Rahman, the mother of three children, said she had started using cloth diapers since her second child in the United States was born.
"My husband is being his host and we have a tight budget.
"Buying disposable diapers is difficult for our budget.
"Midwives in the United States also encourage us to use cloth diapers.
"It's natural for me to wash and change these cloth diapers," Melor said . ".