oil well fires a challenge to experts : kuwait: snuffing out blazes is no easy task, and they could burn indefinitely, veteran firefighters say. sandy terrain could be an ally. - spill containment berms

by:Demi     2019-09-11
oil well fires a challenge to experts : kuwait: snuffing out blazes is no easy task, and they could burn indefinitely, veteran firefighters say. sandy terrain could be an ally.  -  spill containment berms
Experienced firefighters say that if you can drill a hole directly into hell and get some of them to the surface, you can get very close to the well fire.
"Very noisy.
"You have a loud roar," Martin Kelly said . "
Houston is a fire-fighting company that works well all over the world.
"It's dirty.
"If Kuwait's oil wells are lit, as is feared, they will burn as long as the oil rushes to the surface and no one is fighting around, oil fire experts said on Tuesday.
Even if the team is sent to the well tomorrow-
As long as the war in the Persian Gulf continues, it is almost impossible-
Depending on the availability of the fire, it may take a few days to months to put out the fire
Firefighters say the severity of fire fighting equipment, trained personnel and fires.
"If you can find them, they can all be capped," Kelly said . ".
Government of Kuwaitin-
Exiled people have discussed the introduction of the United States. S.
The company will control the fire after the war.
If the Iraqis set fire to the well, they obviously don't want to put it out.
Raymond Henry, 25, says the oil well burns like a Ben's lamp.
Veteran fireman working for Texas troubleshooter Paul (Red)Adair.
Oil from the reservoir spills through the well and burns when it hits the air, sending a flame to the sky.
Both Adair and Boots & Coots can extinguish this fire with powerful water jets or with explosives strategically placed at the bottom of the flame.
The explosion made the fire of oxygen disappear instantly.
"It's like blowing a game," Henry said . "
If the fire burns in a storage tank or trench, the situation will vary.
If the oil is relatively limited, firefighters only need to spray a layer of gel or foam on the surface of the tank to put out the fire.
Otherwise, Henry said: "The best way to deal with these problems is to let them burn them themselves . ".
As of Tuesday, the cause of a fire in an oil field in a neutral zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait is unclear.
David Dixon, a spokesman for Texaco, said: "What we know at present is that the fire has been confirmed in the Wafra field . "
Half-
Koc is also interested in this area.
"We don't know the source ---
Water wells, pipes or storage tanks.
At two facilities, about 60 miles north of the border, Shuaiba and Mina Abdullah are also reportedly burning oil tanks.
Experts say that if the well is on fire, the severity of the fire will depend on the nature of the well.
If the oil flows under the high pressure of the underground reservoir, the fire may burn until the pressure of the reservoir runs out ---
It may take months or a year.
But if oil flows under relatively low pressure, the fire may burn less violently.
In fact, if the oil is drawn out of the reservoir, the fire may be put out if the pump is disabled.
Dixon said he believes the vavura Stadium is low.
Pressure reservoir of oil.
"The vast majority (the wells)
"I must be drawn," he said . ".
Fire experts added that if the geological structure of the reservoir is based on sand-not rock--
Then, debris is more likely to come up with oil and possibly plug the well and put out the fire.
Dixon said he believes the Kuwait field is actually a Sandy structure.
However, if the fire continues to burn, there is little to stop the staff until they enter the area.
Joe Bowden, president of Wild Well Control
A fire company in Houston said that about six years ago, his company spent six days putting out an oil well fire in Kuwait.
"Some need two days, some need three months," he said . "
"You can never see it.
Firefighters said: "The companies of Wild Well Control, Botz and Coates and Red Adair have all discussed with the Kuwaiti authorities, where to cap the burning well once the war is over
However, it seems unlikely that firefighters will be called up as long as the war continues.
This may make it more difficult to deal with fires later. "If it erodes (the wellhead)
When it burns, it becomes harder to put it out. "Kelly said.
Similarly, the longer the storage tank Burns, the more likely the fire will spread.
"Even if the tank is initially intact, the high temperature of the fire can cause the tank wall to break, causing a large amount of oil to leak into the containment area," said Richard Golob, publisher of The Golob Oil Pollution Bulletin from Massachusetts.
A wave of oil spilling over the containment could spread the fire to other tanks, he added.
Fire fighting is fairly simple once the crew is in place, though dangerous.
The huge machine removed the debris from the wellhead and made the flame burn smoothly.
The huge water column opens the flame to cool the well and tries to put out the fire.
If that doesn't work, a bucket of insulated plastic explosives is hung on a special boom, Kelly said. The barrel--
About 500 pounds of explosives. -
When the water continues to take a bath for the scene, it is placed at the bottom of the fire.
Kelly said the staff then squeezed behind a bulldozer about 100 feet metres from the well and detonated explosives electronically.
"This will cause the bulldozer to jump off the ground," he said . ".
"You jump too.
"Once a fire occurs, the most dangerous work begins: lower a new valve on the oil well that continues to be injected.
The danger is that when workers are bathed in oil, the flow of oil can be reignited to protect the new wellhead and close it.
If there are other oil wells nearby that catch fire, the workers may put out the fire in another way.
As BP general manager Basil Butler explained in an article in The Guardian in the UK, a new decompression well can be drilled near the burning well to intercept it
The fluid can then be pumped into the new well to prevent the flow of oil in the combustion well.
When the flow of water stops, the fire goes out.
Iraq is reportedly blowing up or burning Kuwait's oil facilities, raising concerns about economic and environmental damage.
A fire broke out at the Wafra facility, located on the border between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia and managed by Texaco, and two other fires were reported to be raging.
This adds to concerns: oil prices on the world market reacted to the news by less than $3 a barrel. SMOKE CLOUDS.
Scientists and meteorologists say a fire at an oil facility can produce smoke that could greatly reduce the temperature in the area and even affect crops in the distance.
Set fire.
It is believed that Iraqis have extracted oil from several oil facilities in Kuwait.
Because the oil fields in Kuwait are very close to the ground and easy to reach, it is easy to burn.
The safety valve is built into the well, but this valve may be damaged. Military imports.
Military officials say if the smoke is severe enough to stop ongoing air strikes against Kuwait and southern Iraq. DURATION.
Oil wells in the region could burn for months, which could destroy more than half of the climate in the northern hemisphere. CAPACITY.
Kuwait has the third place in the world
The largest oil reserves are 94.
5 billion barrels, 225 billion barrels in Saudi Arabia and 100 billion barrels in Iraq.
Kuwait was producing 1 at the time of Iraq's invasion.
5 million barrels per day.
There were 1,080 onshore wells in Kuwait, although only 365 were active during the invasion by Iraqi forces.
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