oil spills. - oil spill pads

by:Demi     2019-09-15
oil spills.  -  oil spill pads
When we hear the oil spill, we imagine
Covered animals, black and sticky beaches, and dead fish floating in contaminated waters.
We use millions of barrels of oil every day to make fuel, heat and chemicals and plastics.
What should we do in the event of an oil spill?
Where did it go?
When oil is spilled over the water, the wind and waves will soon spread over the water.
Some oil sinks to the bottom and sticks to the sand and silt.
The rest evaporated or rushed to the beach.
Oil leaks can hurt people and other animals.
Clean fur and feathers keep the animals warm and dry.
Because feathers and fur are not greasy, animals catch a cold.
Oil will make them sick if they try to clean themselves by licking.
When the oil spill kills the fish, hungry animals are still eating fish. -oil and all.
If the oil enters the well water, people will get sick after drinking it.
Even a small amount of oil can be toxic to animals and plants.
It needs to be cleaned up to clean up the big leaks on the water, boom, skimming device and adsorption material.
The boom works like a floating fence to help prevent the spread of fuel.
The oil purifier can absorb oil or scoop oil from the surface, so the oil pump can be entered into the storage tank.
The amount absorbed by the adsorption pad in the oil is many times its weight.
Usually, chemical dispersing agents are used to clean up the oil slick before it reaches the shore.
By helping the oil and water mix, the dispersing agent is like a detergent.
No matter how thoroughly clean
Some oil will remain in the environment after the leak.
The bacteria that eventually live in water and soil digest the remaining oil and complete the work.
In 1989, the Exxon Valdez leaked 11 million gallons of oil in Alaska.
Scientists spray bacteria on oilBeach covered.
The experiment worked well and showed us a new way to help clean up oil. Another clean-
The up method tried in Alaska is to spray oil on the beach with powerful hot water.
While hot water does melt most of the oil, it also kills small plants and animals that survived the oil spill.
Many scientists believe the beach will recover faster without hot water cleaning. DID YOU KNOW? ?
In the past 30 years, there have been more than 50 large-scale oil spills. DID YOU KNOW? ?
The Exxon Valdez oil spill is over 1300 miles (2100 km)
Shawlinning, Alaska
Do you know Level E? ?
The Shetland Islands are well prepared for the oil spill. tech equipment.
But when there was a bigger oil spill on 1993, the weather was very bad and they couldn't use any of them. DID YOU KNOW? ?
Nature helps clean up the oil spill.
Bacteria can eat oil.
The waves help wash off the oil on the beach.
Vocabulary filling-
In the blank space.
Then, the secret information is decoded using numbers under each letter. (
The bold characters on the front page are helpful to you. )1)
Synonymous with oil.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2)
What did your body do to the food? 9 10 11 12 3)
Liquid in the ocean. 13 14 4)
Material that absorbs oil. 15 16 5)
Synonymous with toxic.
17 18 Secret Information 5 10 6 14 16 9 13 14 2 4 9 16 '3 8 10 17. DID YOU KNOW? ?
0. 89 billion gallons (3.
4 billion liters)
A large amount of oil flows into the water every year.
The lab tests your ability to clean up the oil every week.
Remember, you have to have an action plan first. Work in teams. Good luck!
Please take a look at the teaching notes before starting this lab.
You need: a large baking pan or bathtub, water, cooking: oil, 10-inchlengths (about 25 cm)
Coarse yarn, slotted spoon, plastic spoon and fork, paper towel, adhesive tape, a small amount of straw, broken newspaper, cotton ball, nylon mesh, craft stick, dipping liquid, large plastic bag or paper covering the work area Step 1: fill the pot about halfFull of water.
This is your lake.
Step 2: pour 2 tshirt.
Oil on your lake
Step 3: write an action plan on how to clean up the oil spill.
Everyone on your team must agree before you start.
Don't forget to plan to dispose of your oily waste.
Step 4: Get your materials from the supply station and start cleaning up --up!
How successful did you remove all the oil from the lake?
What affects where you focus your cleaning? upefforts?
How about this small leak compared to the big one?
Will you be clean?
The up will be more successful if you write your plan and get it cleaned up
Fix the equipment before the oil spill?
Bonus: find out what an emergency plan is! DID YOU KNOW? ?
The largest tanker carrying 0. 126 billion gallons (
477 million liters)of oil.
Background media reports of Prince William Sound's 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska, and many other oil spills that have occurred recently, have plunged our families into the reality of the oil spill.
Our dependence on oil in the United StatesS.
Oil leakage is a fact in life in the world market.
Oil supplies fuel for our vehicles and furnaces.
It provides raw materials for our plastics
Make fibers, fertilizers, chemicals and medicines.
When oil spills, water flow, tide, and wind quickly spread the oil to the surface of the water.
Some oil evaporates in the water, leaving tar and oil residue.
Some oil sinks to the bottom of the water and sticks to the sand and silt.
The rest are washed on the beach.
Oil spills are dangerous for people and other animals and plants.
Animals rely on clean fur and feathers to keep them warm and dry.
When their feathers or fur become greasy, they catch cold.
They will get sick if they try to lick off the oil.
When the oil spill kills the fish, hungry animals will still eat them-oil and all.
People may get sick if spilled oil enters their water supply system.
Fortunately, over the years, the technology to deal with catastrophic oil spills has been greatly improved, and our understanding of oil spills has also been greatly improved. Clean-
According to today's standards, the up technology in 1960 is original. Often, clean-
Upcrews throws straw, broken newspapers, feathers and other loose absorbent materials on the fritters and recycles them with a shovel and ra.
Today, a boom like a wall or floating fence contains oil slick.
The boom consists of a floating room, a skirt seat below the surface, and heavy objects that place the skirt seat under water.
The oil purifier is used to absorb or scoop oil from the surface.
Many people carry it alone enough.
Others are themselves.
Push the boat to pick up the oil through the oil slick. Man-
The artificial material known as the absorbent is also very effective in modern leak control.
These materials are oleo-phillic (oil-loving)and hydro-phobic(water-hating)
And can absorb many times as much oil as they weigh when pouring water.
What's interesting is that ,[R]
It is also used to make suction pads and blankets for queuing up for winter clothing.
Sometimes, chemical dispersing agents are used to break down the oil slick before it reaches the shore.
By helping the oil to mix with water, the dispersing agent is like a detergent.
In the 1989 Alaska oil spill, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
There is a chance to test a technology called bio-repair.
This includes spraying concentrated amounts of oil.
Eat bacteria on oil
The coastline is covered.
In addition, some bacteria are fertilized to speed up cleaning operations.
Two years later, the results showed a significant decrease in oil volume and a significant decrease in oil volume below the surface.
A barber named Philip mclowry was cleaning with another creativeup idea.
After 1989 Exxon Valdezspill, he invented a sponge made of hair!
They absorb oil more effectively than plastic sponges. Not all clean-
The Up method is as successful as these.
Another way for Alaska to try is to blow up the oil on the beach with a powerful hot water column.
While hot water does melt a lot of oil, it also kills small animals, bacteria and plants that survived the oil spill.
Many scientists believe that the beach will cover faster without hot water cleaning.
Fortunately, oil spill prevention has improved in recent years.
Some new tankers now have double shells.
If one of the ships had an accident, the number of oil leaks would have decreased.
Some ships will soon be equipped with computer maps, which will alert if they are going to crash.
Nevertheless, the improvement of technology should not leave the impression of problem solving.
Regardless of the size of the leak, the final result is damage to the environment.
Before we can reduce our dependence on oil and replace less polluting energy, oil leakage will continue to be a reality.
To get our attention, spills do not need to be large or accidental.
More than half of marine oil pollution can be traced back to land.
SOURCE based on storm operation
Closure, industrial processing and leakage of oil storage facilities.
Tankers not only pollute water through catastrophic accidents, but also through their daily livesto-day operations.
Empty tanker that needs refueling-
Keep the sea balanced.
Later, they dumped the water with the rest of the oil.
Another source of threat comes from improper handling of used oil.
This is especially important because the oil will produce additional toxic contaminants such as lead and zinc during the use of the engine.
Laws regulating the use of necessary emergency plans and the purchase of leak cleaning in advance
Up equipment needs to be strengthened.
The United States must continue to be funded. S.
The first supervised Coast Guard. and continuing)
Deal with the water oil spill.
Most importantly, we all need to be aware of our energy habits and try to reduce our consumption.
If we all turn off the heating at home before 6degrees]F (about 3 [degrees]C)
We can save 500,000 gallons. 1.
9 million liters)of oil a day! Level Pre-
A major concept: Spilled oil can hurt organisms.
It's hard to clean up the oil spill.
Please take a closer look at the pictures.
Pointing out, we can see what is happening above and below the water.
Tell them to follow the oil with their fingers from the hole on the tanker.
Ask what they think animals will do when oil is lost.
What are the people in the photos doing?
They think different ways of cleaning
Is the equipment normal?
This is what oil leaks think of animals or offshore, the vocabulary explains.
What animals did they see?
Let them color the crayons.
Tell them to color the oil spill. -
Black Land-
Brown and water. -blue.
Weekly lab you need: a clear bottle with a tight fit lid for each student (a 12 or 16 oz.
Ideal plastic soda bottle)
Water, food coloring, baby, mineral or edible oil. (
As an alternative, you can make several bottles as "hands-
About the "classroom model. )
This lab proves that even when shaking, the oil will float on the water and not mix with it.
Let your students fill the bottle with about half the water and add 2 to 3 drops of edible pigment. (
Use several different colors, so there will be bottles of various colors in the room. )
Then an adult will pour 3/4 (about 2 cm)of oil.
Let them hold the bottle tightly, and now let them shake the bottle hard when they count to 10.
Put the bottle down and observe what happens to the oil.
Let your students describe what they see.
Ask them why.
All answers are encouraged, but the idea that the oil will always separate and float on the surface of the water to strengthen the oil and water without mixing.
The problem every week is for your students to draw lines that match the real shape.
People who tell the story will ask why Ollie otters are at the rescue center.
What happened to him?
How does he feel?
How do people help Ollie feel better?
Explain that oily fur and feathers do not keep animals warm and dry. They catchcold.
Oil will make them sick if they try to clean themselves by licking.
Challenge to get your students through the maze and get Ollie otters home safely.
Tell them they need to help Ollie avoid the dark blue oil that seeps from the ship.
Here's a "hand-
About activities that "make your students feel real about oil cleaning issues --up.
Have your students rub minerals, cooking, or baby oil on their hands.
Ask them how they feel about washing their hands with clear water.
Did the oil drop?
Is it easy to clean up oil?
Now let them wash with soap or liquid soap.
One of the best brands to oil is Dawn [R].
Used for Bird Rescue and cleaning.
To expand the event, ask them to look at the picture of the story again.
Ask if the water will clean the Ollie otters.
It's hard for me to clean up the oil on the animals?
What do assistants need to add to the water to help clean Ollie?
The main concept of Level A: Spilled oil can harm people and other animals, as well as plants.
It is a hard job to clean up the oil spill.
Please take a closer look at the pictures.
Pointing out, we can see what is happening above and below the water.
Tell them to follow the oil with their fingers from the hole on the tanker.
Ask what they think animals will do when oil is lost.
What are the people in the photos doing?
They think different ways of cleaning
Is the equipment normal?
Vocabulary answer: I can hurt plants, animals and people when I am sprinkled. I am OIL.
Let your students see the pictures around each wordshape forms.
If they need help finding the answer, please let them know to check it out on the front page.
Weekly lab view TN levels pre-A --WEEKLY LAB.
Discuss what it means to make a success or forecast. (
The answer is that the oil will separate and float back to the water.
Ask what happened to the oil and water after they stopped shaking the bottle.
Ask if their predictions are correct.
Answer to weekly questions: 9-2 = 7.
Explain that gasoline is a gallon or liter.
For students who are not familiar with the term rise, ask them to look for it on a large soft drink bottle.
When the oil spills, it can be very dangerous because it absorbs lead and zinc during the use of the engine.
Science writing explains that when oil sticks to fur and feathers, animals cannot keep warm and catch cold.
Oil makes them sick when they lick themselves.
When Oily animals return to their nests and dens, their egg sand babies also become greasy.
When oil pollutes food, they are poisoned.
Let your students imagine that they are one of these animals so that their experience becomes more personal and authentic.
Ask them to choose a name for their animal "themselves", but suggest that they use the same name that begins with the first letter as the animal they choose (e. g.
Otter, sea turtle).
Discuss how they feel.
Ask if they think the real animals in the oil spill are aware of what's going on at their home.
Challenge to get your students through the maze and get Ollie otters home safely.
Tell them they need to help Ollie avoid the dark blue oil that seeps from the ship.
Here's a "hand-
About activities that "make your students feel real about oil cleaning issues --up.
Have your students rub minerals, cooking, or baby oil on their hands.
Ask them how they feel about washing their hands with clear water.
Did the oil drop?
Is it easy to clean up oil?
Now let them wash with soap or liquid soap.
One of the best brands to oil is Dawn [R].
Used for Bird Rescue and cleaning. DID YOU KNOW? ?
Americans use 8,000 gallons per second (30,000 liters)of oil.
Class B main concept: we use oil in many ways.
The oil spill caused damage to the organism.
Special equipment can help clean up spilled oil.
Nature can also help us.
Prosperity is like a wall. -No. 2.
Like a vacuum cleaner. -No. 3.
Like paper towels. -No. 1.
For students familiar with the word "rebus", it is necessary to explain the use of pictures and words.
Let them try to read the sentences themselves first.
Then read together.
The lab's weekly experiments show that even when shaking, the oil will float on the water and not mix with the water.
Use several different colors of food to color, so there will be bottles of various colors in the room. (
You can also make a few bottles as "hands-
About the "classroom model. )
After shaking the bottle, drop the bottle and observe what happens to the oil.
Let your students describe what they see.
Ask them why they think so.
All answers are encouraged, but do not force the oil to not mix with the water, the oil will always separate and float on the surface of the water.
In places where sensitive coastlines are at risk, the dispersing agent is used to break down the oil slick.
The dispersing agent is detergent.
Like a chemical that helps oil mix into water.
The oil is then dispersed and diluted but will not disappear.
You may want to have each student make a second bottle for step 5, or you may prefer to make a large classroom model for this part of the lab.
Weekly answer: S = 33, L = 12, I = 50, O = 89, P = 62.
The oil spill sparked prosperity.
Let your students take a closer look at the plus and minus signs in the question.
Scientific writing tells your students to imagine that they are otters near the oil spill.
They must think like this animal.
Do they understand what happened?
What might they feel (e. g.
Curious, afraid, not knowing, etc. )?
Before they start writing their story, discuss the issues raised in this activity.
Challenge you can use cooking, baby or mineral oil.
It is best to cut the real fur into small squares, but synthetic fur is also OK.
Before doing this activity, observe the feathers and fur with a magnifying glass.
One of the best brands for oil removal is Dawn [R].
Used for Bird Rescue and cleaning.
Ask them if they can really restore the fur and feathers to their original state. (
In actual animal rescue work, it may not. )
Before doing this activity, the home base has your students check with their parents.
Remind them to clean thoroughly
Up is part of the job.
Level C main concept: we use oil in many ways.
The oil spill caused damage to the organism.
Special equipment can help clean up spilled oil.
It is a hard job to clean up the oil spill.
Vocabulary answer: Span: 3)oil spill 6)tanker 7)boom. DOWN: 1)skimmer2)pollution 4)sorbent 5)harmful.
The lab's weekly experiments show that even when shaking, the oil will float on the water and not mix with the water.
Use several different colors of food to color, so there will be bottles of various colors in the room. (
You can also make a few bottles as "hands-
About the "classroom model. )
After shaking the first bottle, put it down and observe what happens to the oil.
Let your students describe what they see.
Ask them why they think so.
All answers are encouraged, but do not force the oil to not mix with the water, the oil will always separate and float on the surface of the water.
In places where sensitive coastlines are at risk, the dispersing agent is used to break down the oil slick.
The dispersing agent is detergent.
Like a chemical that helps oil mix into water.
The oil is then dispersed and diluted but will not disappear.
Weekly answer: Left to right: B)Amoco Cadiz (68), f)Torrey Canyon (37), e)Braer (25), a)Exxon Valdez (12), d)Argo Merchant (7), c)
Pacific Coast (1).
Writing for science discuss how we use oil in our daily lives-
In transportation, fuel, heating, plastic, etc.
Ask about other energy available (
Solar energy, wind energy, water, manpower, etc. )
Think about the long-term results and how life will improve (clean air, non-
Pollute the world. )
See TN level B for challenges--CHALLENGE.
The puzzle lets your students cut the pieces carefully and put the puzzle together. DID YOU KNOW? ? Two-
The fuel for transportation is oil thirty.
Class D main concept: large tanker leaks are a fact of life due to our dependence on oil.
They do great harm to the environment.
Something specifically used to clean up spills.
Naturally, it can also help in this process.
Vocabulary answer: 1)boom 2)skimmer 3)oil spill 4)pollution 5)sorbent 6)toxic.
Weekly labs you may wish to present a more advanced version of the short story given in the launch activity section as an introduction to this lab. (
Baby, cooking or mineral oil can be used. )
Before the lab, you need to make a warehouse of leaking equipment with various suggested items.
Suggest they try to "invent" their equipment after cleaningup is underway.
Tape, stapler, etc. available.
Each "team" is encouraged to discuss the ideas of their action plan.
There should be at least 4 students in each group.
Make sure they and you are clear about their plans before choosing cleanupequipment.
Be sure to discuss-
Ask questions in the purple box.
Emergency plans are a set of instructions to follow in an emergency.
Weekly answer: Left to right: B)Amoco Cadiz (68. 2), f)TorreyCanyon (37. 1), e)Braer (25), a)Exxon Valdez (11. 5), d)Argo Merchant(7. 2), c)
Pacific Coast (1. 3).
Writing for science discuss how we use oil in our daily lives-
In transportation, fuel, heating, plastic, etc.
Ask what other energy sources are available (
Solar energy, wind energy, water, manpower, etc. )
Let them think about the long-term results and how life will improve (clean air, non-
Pollute the world. )
Also discuss what settlers might be looking for in their new home.
Challenge you can use cooking, baby or mineral oil.
It is best to cut the real fur into small squares, but synthetic fur is also OK.
Before doing this activity, observe the feathers and fur with a magnifying glass.
One of the best brands for oil removal is Dawn [R].
Used for Bird Rescue and cleaning.
Upon completion, ask if they can really restore the fur and feathers to their original state. (
In actual animal rescue work, it may not. )
In addition, they will see that the oil and water will not be mixed, but the detergent will help the oil to be mixed with the water.
In places where sensitive coastlines are at risk, the dispersing agent is used to break down the oil slick.
The dispersing agent is detergent.
Chemical that helps oil to mix into water.
The oil is dispersed and diluted, but it will not disappear.
The puzzle lets your students carefully cut out the pieces and then spell out the puzzle.
Class E Main concept: large tanker leaks are a fact of life due to our dependence on oil.
They do great harm to the environment.
Clean up some oil spills
The Up method is successful, while the other methods are not.
Vocabulary answer: 1)petroleum 2)digest 3)water 4)sorbent 5)toxic.
Oil and water cannot be mixed.
Weekly lab view TN level D--WEEKLY LAB.
You can also add sand in half a pot to form the beach.
Ask the sand if and how to clean the oil spill
Efforts and plans.
Answer to weekly questions: 1)1/5 2)20% 3)
3,500,000 gallonsAs a follow-
Upactivity for your students to convert cargo and leak data to measurement data (
About 3 gallons. 8 liters).
To make scientific writing more balanced, you can decide whether the student should use their first or last initials.
You can divide your class into groups, have a smaller debate, or have a big debate.
This activity gives your students some practice in defending opinions that they may not agree with and encourages them to see both sides of the problem.
Tell your students that some of the animal rescue efforts have been more.
The success after the leakage of biexxon Valdez.
In June 2000, 90% of rescued African penguins survived an oil spill near South Africa.
Challenge you can use cooking, baby or mineral oil.
It is best to cut the real fur into small squares, but synthetic fur is also OK.
Before doing this activity, observe the feathers and fur with a magnifying glass.
One of the best brands for oil removal is Dawn [R].
Used for Bird Rescue and cleaning.
Ask them if they can really restore the fur and feathers to their original state. (
In actual animal rescue work, it may not. )
In addition, they will see that the oil and water will not be mixed, but the detergent will help the oil to be mixed.
In places where sensitive pipelines are in danger, the dispersing agent is used to break down the oil slick.
The dispersing agent is detergent.
It's like chemicals mixing oil into water.
The oil is dispersed and diluted but will not disappear.
The puzzle lets your students carefully cut out the pieces and then spell out the puzzle. DID YOU KNOW? ?
Over the past 30 years, more than 50 major oil spills have occurred.
Class F main concept: large tanker leaks are a fact of life due to our dependence on oil.
They do great harm to the environment.
Clean up some oil spills
The Up method is successful, while the other methods are not.
Naturally, it also helps clean up oil.
The weekly laboratory provides adult supervision when using the room fan. (
Baby, cooking or mineral oil can be used. )
Before the lab, you need to build the aSpill equipment warehouse with a variety of suggested items.
They are advised to try to "invent" their own equipment. up is underway.
Tape, stapler, etc. available.
Each "team" is encouraged to discuss the ideas of their action plan.
There should be at least 4 students per team.
Make sure they clean up their plans with you before choosing their cleaningup equipment.
Be sure to discuss the following
Ask questions in the purple box.
For step 6, it is best to cut the real fur into small squares, but synthetic fur is also OK.
Before doing this activity, observe the feathers and fur with a magnifying glass.
First let them wash the fur and feathers with water and then use soap (or detergent)and water.
One of the best brands for oil removal [isDawn [R].
Used for Bird Rescue and cleaning.
Ask them if they can actually restore the fur and feathers to their original state. (
In the actual animal rescue work, it may not be. )
The emergency plan is a series of instructions to follow in an emergency.
Answer to weekly questions: 1)Yes 2)3 hours 3)3 p. m. 4)no 5)
The third days three o'clock P. M. m.
Writing for science discuss how we use oil in our daily lives-
In transportation, fuel, heating, plastic, etc.
Ask what other energy sources are available (
Solar energy, wind energy, water, manpower, etc. )
Let them think about the long-term results and how life will improve (clean air, non-
Pollute the world. )
Challenge answer: 1)petroleum 2)digest 3)water 4)sorbent 5)toxic.
Oil and water cannot be mixed.
The puzzle lets your students cut the pieces carefully and put the puzzle together. DID YOU KNOW? ?
The new tanker has double shells.
If an accident occurs on one of the ships, there will be less oil leakage.
A tanker carrying 35,000,000 gallons of crude oil is sailing from Panama to San Francisco.
It ran aground just as it passed the top of Lower California.
The hole in the tanker leaked 7,000,000 gallons of oil into the water. 1.
How many parts have the goods been lost? --2.
What is the percentage of lost goods? --3.
If 50% of the leaked oil is recovered, how many gallons will it save? --DID YOU KNOW? ?
Many products are made of oil, such as sneakers, CDs, medicines and soap.
Writing for clean scientific statistics
The 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Bay, Alaska, shows that each otter saves nearly $80,000 in the cost of otters.
In addition, only 222 (or 18%)
1,200 rescue workers survived.
Some experts believe
They would be better if the oil otters were left in the wild to recover themselves.
You will debate at the town hall meeting tomorrow night.
Write down all your opinions and ideas so that you can defend your position in many challenges.
What do you think your opponent will say?
Have your own debate and ask both sides of this issue!
If your name starts with
You are a biologist and have been saving wildlife all your life. you have worked in many oil spills.
You think the animals should be saved and cleaned at any cost.
If your name starts with M
You are a citizen of concern.
You worry that if you spend too much money on Animal Rescue (
May not work)
In order to prevent future oil spills and restore local fisheries, there is too little left. DID YOU KNOW? ? Two-
The fuel for transportation is oil thirty.
Challenge carefully try to wash off the oil with clear water. Did it comeoff?
Try using soap or detergent now.
Rinse and dry your "animal ".
"Can you save your" animal?
Does the fur and feathers look the same as before?
If the animals are covered with oil, they will catch cold.
If they try to clean themselves by licking the oil, it will make them sick.
As part of the oil spill-
People help clean up oil animals.
Detergent helps them wash off the oil on their feathers and fur.
Dip a feather and a piece of fur in some oil and pretend they are a seal and a small seal.
Bonus: half bottle-Full of water.
Add some food coloring.
Add mineral oil of 3/4.
Cover the bottle and shake it. What happens? Add 1/2 tsp.
Liquid.
Shake the bottle again.
What's happening now?
Pieces are cut out of the puzzle.
Then try this puzzle. [
Slightly] Illustrations
National Scientific education standards for unifying concepts and processes (K-8)
* System, order and organization * evidence, model and interpretation * persistence, change and measurement * evolution and balance * standard of form and function A: Science as inquiry (K-8)
* Ability necessary for scientific inquiry * understanding of scientific inquiry standard B: Physical Science (K-4)
* Properties of objects and materials * position and motion of objects * light, heat, electricity and magnetism (5-8)
* Changes in the nature and nature of matter * movement and strength * Energy Transfer Standard C: Life Science (K-4)
* Features of organisms * biology and environment (5-8)
* Structure and function of the life system * regulation and behavior * population and ecosystem * criteria for biodiversity and adaptability of organisms D: Earth and Space Science (K-4)
* Nature of earth materials (5-8)
* Structure of Earth system standard E: Science and Technology (K-4)
* Technical design capability * Understanding of Science and Technology * ability to distinguish between natural objects and objects made by humans (5-8)
* Technical design capability * Understanding of Science and Technology Standard F: science from an individual and social perspective (K-4)
* Personal Health * demographic features and changes * resource types * environmental changes * Local Challenge Technology (5-8)
* Personal Health * Population Resources and Environment * Natural disasters * risks and benefits * Social Science and Technology Standard G: History and essence of science (K-8)
* Science as an activity initiated by human efforts (Levels Pre-A -C)
Set up a story scene using a large baking tray or bathtub.
Use largerock, which is placed in the center as an island.
Complete the scene with water, cooking oil, toys, buildings, cars and animals. Tell (andre-enact)
Below the story and add your own details.
Discuss the story and ask questions to help your students understand the environmental impact of the oil spill. (
This can also be done as a feltboard story and can also be painted on the blackboard. )
No one has ever seen Rainbow Lake before.
One day, the Green family found it and they are camping off the coast every time they take a vacation.
They were fascinated by its quiet beauty.
They like to visit the animals of the Bow Lake.
The Greens decided to stay here forever.
They want to share this special place so they invite their friends and family to join them.
Soon Rainbow Village was built at the foot of the lake.
The new citizens of Rainbow Village have established grocery stores, hospitals, cinemas, schools, families, farms, etc.
People carry cars, trucks, taxis and school buses that need to be refueled to drive.
Their buildings need heating in winter.
As a result, an oil company was arranged to ship oil and gas to the village by boat.
On a foggy morning, an oil tanker sailed into rocky island in the middle of the lake.
It tore a hole in the boat.
The oil is leaking all over Rainbow Lake.
What will they do now?
It would be nice if they had a plan! . . .
Ask what happens to animals, fish and coastline.
How will people clean up oil?
Ask the older kids what happens if their only energy comes from oil.
What will they do?
What happens if oil enters their drinking water?
Weekly resources are useful for planning resources for science's weekly classroom activities * Terry Carr. SPILL!
The story of Exxon Valdez
New York: Franklin Watt, 1991 Elizabeth Hammerman. Pollution.
Nashua, NH: Delta Science, 1989 * Hodgson, Brian.
Can wilderness heal?
National Geographic, January 1990"Slick Science.
Science and children, Gloria Rand, October 1989. Prince William.
New York: Henry Holt, Dr. 1992 * susThe Lorax.
New York: Office of Public Affairs, petroleum pollution section, Washington, DC 1971 * random home, US Environmental Protection Agency, 20460 ,(202)387-7251. * Exxon Oil Co.
Public Affairs Department. , P. O.
TX77252 box 2180 Houston-2180, (800)344-4355. (
Free brochures, research, etc.
A video of major research work, including the scientists and Alaska oil spill. )
* Oil suction pads are provided by ship docks or suppliers (
Often referred to as "oil cloth ")
In the special fabric store with the brand name "Thinsulate ["R]," a 3M Co.
A product used in winter clothes.
* Elastol, a chemical that aggregates oil into ajelly
Just like the mucus that is easy to remove from water provided by the general technology application company
7720 King Mason Ct.
, VA22110, Manassas ,(703)368-4301.
The classrooms of 35 students cost about $25.
Internet resources of Newton apple-Oil Spills --From NOAA --
Oil spill information from Environment Canada-
Oil and birds in Environment Canada-
Oil spill base (
For older students)--
Exxon Valdez leak (
For older students)--
Question 9 required materials
Before communicationA, A --
Brown paper or grocery bags, crayons-
Large paper cups, paper clips, strong ropes, pencils, brown paper or grocery bags, crayons C--
As with the above, there are small paper cups, TV D--
Small and large paper cups, paper clips, strong ropes, pencils, TV Electronics-
Small and large paper cups, paper clips, strong ropes, wires, pencils-
Custom message
Chat Online 编辑模式下无法使用
Chat Online inputting...