industry, government spending little on oil spill cleanup technology - oil spill absorbent materials
In baratari, Los Angeles.
-Baratari, Los Angeles(AP)—
While oil companies spend billions of dollars drilling in deep seas and beyond, there is relatively little money and research to find new oil, improving ways to deal with deep-sea oil spills, such as the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
Experts say the massive spill in the Gulf of Mexico has exposed the oil industry and the federal government's failure to put enough resources into oil cleanup and coping with technology.
"Why shouldn't they do it (Ixtoc 1)
"The 1979 oil spill in Mexico was beyond my capacity," said Gerald Graham, president of the BC Oil spill prevention and response planning company Worldocean Consulting.
"Now they are trying to catch up.
"Of the estimated 69 million to 131, there is only a small percentage.
5 million gallons of oil leaked to the bay have been recovered.
About 10 million gallons of oil have been burned, 25 million gallons of oil
The water mixture has been cleaned up.
The main members of the twomonth-
It takes a long time to clean up the oil grid, mechanical grease and oil dispersing agent --
The same is true for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
Critics say improvements to these methods are gradual and few new ones have been developed because oil companies do not have financial incentives.
Tim Robertson, managing director of Nuka Research & Planning, said: "The technology has grown rapidly in drilling because there is money to earn . " Nuka Research & planning specializes in oil spill response planning, as well as Alaska's response to the Exxon oil spill in Seldovia.
"There is no similar situation in oil spill recovery.
Shell Oil, Exxon oil, ConocoPhillips, Chevron, BP America —
It cost $33 in total.
8 billion based on the answers provided by these companies to the House Energy and Commerce subcommittee this month, new oil and gas have been explored over the past three years.
But, in contrast, their spending on safety, accident prevention and leak response research was "negligible," the representative said. Edward Markey (D-Mass)
On Friday, who chaired the subcommittee and proposed a bill that would pay $50 million in oil and gas royalties each year to study new oil spill response technologies.
In an answer to Congress, most companies say they cannot separate security costsand spill-
ConocoPhillips, for example, said it spent $1.
3 million in more than three years, the study of safer drilling techniques did not specify how much was spent on accident prevention and leakage --
Exxon says it spends $50 million a year on oil spill response, drilling and deep water development research.
The company says it has maintained its internal leak research program for 40 years.
BP said it spent more than $29 million on safer drilling operations in more than three years.
But a spokesman for BP, Robert Wine, said BP did not study oil spill cleanup technology.
Instead, he said BP supports oil spill response groups such as the non-profit marine spill response company.
In 2008, the overall expenditure of the MSRC was $88 million, the most recent year for the IRS filing.
Judith Ross, a spokesman for the MSRC, told USA Today that it did not study the budget.
No phone calls and emails from Roos
Email from The Associated Press.
The oil and gas industry is currently taking steps to explore new technologies.
BP has committed $0. 5 billion to research.
As far as the federal government is concerned, it is spending relatively little to advance leak-cleaning technology.
Congress only approved one.
According to the coast response research center, of the $30 million research grants authorized under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, the sixth was after Exxon Valdez.
Bureau of Marine energy management, supervision and enforcement-
It was not until this month that it was called a Mineral Management Service.
$13 billion in oil drilling royalties are charged each year.
But since 1995, the agency has spent between $6 million and $7 million a year on oil spill research.
The Coast Guard's annual oil spill research budget has fallen steadily from around $5.
It was $6 million in 1993 and about $500,000 a year in the past four years. U. S. Rep. Brian Baird (D-Wash. )
He recently held a hearing on oil spill cleanup technology, saying the federal government doesn't spend much to clean up because political pressure is to drill more oil.
"Our top priority is how to mine more oil with greater output and greater profits," he said in an interview: "There are no corresponding priorities on how to do this safely and how to prepare if an accident occurs. ".
Since the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon rig in April 20, BP has also begun experimenting with different cleanup techniques, killing 11 workers and creating a drilling rig in the United States. S.
Worst environmental disaster
The company recently ordered 32 centrifuges produced by a company.
Founded by Hollywood actor Kevin Costner, he has invested about $24 million in the project.
The company says the largest equipment can handle about 210,000 gallons a day, opening gunk with moisture.
These centrifuges are deployed on barges and are designed to help the scammers work more efficiently, have them unload the oil and water mixture and wash at sea instead of returning to the port every time the tank is full.
Advances in drilling technology have driven the boom in deep-sea exploration and drilling, where lower temperatures and higher pressures require complex equipment.
"We 've been pushing more and more envelopes for deep-water offshore drilling," said Nancy Skinner.
Director of the Coast response Research Center, this is a partnership between the New Hampshire University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
However, she said little was known about how to collect oil from deep-sea spills, or the behavior of chemical cleaners used to break down oil at this depth.
Oil spill experts say that despite some improvements to the containment boom and the oil purifier, there is still limited scope for what they can do.
The boom usually works best in calm weather and waves and requires a lot of maintenance.
In baratari, the water-absorbing boom around many swamp islands did not stop the oil from reaching the wetland.
Some parts of prosperity have been torn or doubled.
The stems of the marsh grass and other vegetation near the edges are dyed dark brown by oil.
"In many cases, all we have is very basic technology, and of course we use it," said Dennis Takahashi Soso . " In the Exxon Valdez leak, the vice chairman of the Marine Conservation Association and the former Alaska environmental protection commissioner.
"If we take the harm of the leak seriously, we should do better," he said . ".
Reports from Seattle.