consumer's world; do disposable diapers ever go away? - super absorbent diapers
By michael decourcy hindsdec.
1988 this is a digital version of an article from The Times Print Archive, before it starts online in 1996.
To keep these articles as they appear initially, the Times will not change, edit, or update them.
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Disposable diapers have been a symbol of contemporary child care for more than a decade.
Today, it has become a symbol of the US garbage crisis.
The product went on sale in early 1970s to help with baby day --
The function of the care center paves the way for fathers to become more active parents, making family travel more free.
"I can't think of a product that can help parents better than disposable diapers," said Judith Norte, editor of American Baby magazine . ".
But now, with the expansion of the new product line, $3. 3 billion-a-
Environmental activists see diapers as clear evidence of America's reckless attitude towards garbage.
More than 16 billion diapers, including an estimated 2.
Each year, 8 million tons of feces are dumped into the country's shrinking landfill sites.
Like everything else in the landfill, the impact on public health and the environment is unknown.
"There are a lot of questions there that are not answered," said Edward . ".
Klein, deputy director of the municipal waste project of the federal Environmental Protection Agency.
Advertising says 80% of all garbage is landfill, but nearly three landfill sites in the country will reach capacity in five years. P. A. has estimated.
With the closure of the dump, the "solid waste logistics" in the United States "-
Common euphemism for the amount of garbage collected every year
The flow is fast and deep: there are 0. 16 billion tons this year, and an estimated 0. 192 billion tons by 2000.
Environmental activists admit that diapers account for less than 2% of all solid waste, but they say
The use of diapers symbolizes the whole problem of garbage.
"This is a perfect case. the one-time product we use is more expensive than the newly used product.
"Usable products are more dangerous to the environment and consume non-renewable resources," said Jenny L . ".
Wirka is a policy analyst at the Environmental Action foundation solid waste program, a research and lobbying group in Washington that raised most of the money through public subscriptions. Ms.
Wirka said manufacturers should produce biodegradable diapers and the government should promote the use of cotton diapers by providing diaper delivery services with the same tax benefits as some state recycling businesses.
Oregon and Washington state have considered proposals to ban labeling or taxing disposable diapers.
This year, lawmakers in Washington considered but did not approve a bill that required the package to be labeled: "dirty disposable diapers contain viruses and microorganisms, when disposed of at the time, these viruses and microorganisms may spread the disease to the general population.
Fiber materials shall not be treated with garbage or garbage.
The virus may be the feces of HazardAn infants, and the urine may contain any of more than 100 viruses, including live polio and hepatitis produced by vaccine residues.
These viruses are potentially dangerous to sanitation workers and others when carried through groundwater or flies. Disposable-
Diaper manufacturers, as well as some independent solids
The waste consultant claims that dirty diapers are not linked to any environmental or health issues.
Bacteria and viruses associated with feces and urine do not seem to survive in the well
On behalf of Kimberly, Tina Barry said: "Managing landfill sites
Clark of Dallas made the brand.
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"P & G contributes to the reduction of solid waste by manufacturing new super waste
"Absorbent diapers reduce the volume of solid waste by 50%," said Jennifer G . ".
Bailey represents P. &G.
Working as a Pampers in CincinnatiKimberly and P. &G.
Disposable diapers sell about 80%.
Advertising attention to diapers is now emerging, partly because diapers play a symbolic role in the garbage crisis, partly because some people see more and more threats.
Diaper sales rose to $3.
According to Martin Friedman, a New York market consultant, last year was $3 billion, compared with $90 million in 1969.
Absorbent Diapers, colored diapers, Sesame Street diapers and diapers-
Just like the small ring and cushion used when changing diapers for the baby.
"It is likely that disposable baby diapers are the most dynamic new product category in consumer marketing history . "
Friedman recently wrote in the trade magazine advertising weekly.
Now, the huge market for adult diapers is opening.
According to manufacturers, the cost of buying diapers for the people of the African continent last year was about $0. 16 billion, and the sales of adult diapers have been growing at nearly 50% per year since 1983.
A new overview appears in "diapers in waste logistics", a study by Carl Lehrburger, recycling project manager, waste energy answer Company
Management consulting firm in Albany.
National Council for diaper services, a cotton trade organization
Paid for the $15,000 study.
Lehrburger said the Philadelphia-based organization had no editorial control and opposed some of the organization's proposals.
New interest in cotton research will not be released until next year, when diapers
The service industry plans to increase marketing efforts.
According to trade officials, the industry used to have 700 companies across the country, and now only about 100 companies serve about 700,000 city customers.
However, they say business has improved recently, apparently because consumers have renewed interest in using natural materials.
In his draft study
Lehrburger estimates that less than 5% of those who care for children follow the manufacturer's invasion by emptying the feces toilet before handling diapers.
He cited other people's research saying that 10% of disposable diapers contain viruses.
He estimated that $0. 3 billion would be needed to invest in landiflls 3.
6 million tons of old diapers are produced each year. Mr.
According to Lehrburger's study, cotton diapers for a delivery service cost about 15 cents per piece, while disposable diapers cost 22 cents per piece.
Babies need to change diapers 6,000 to 10,000 times in three monthsyear period.
Human waste from cotton diapers is properly directed into the sewage system and the fabric can be re-directed
Used 200 times before recycling. Other solid-
Waste experts minimize the problems caused by disposable diapers.
Neil seldeman, director of waste utilization at the local self-Research Institute, said: "I think environmental groups are misled: disposable diapers are a very small problem . "
Reliance, a non-profit research and education organization in Washington, contracts with municipalities.
A spokesman for a new diaper production line in the plastics industry claims that contamination is unlikely to occur because the landfill is fairly stable and the polyethylene lining of diapers is a permanent housing for waste.
Due to the lack of oxygen in the compacted garbage, the decay in the landfill site occurs very slowly.
To alleviate public concerns about plastics, resin manufacturers have developed a biodegradable diaper pad containing corn starch.
But the main diaper manufacturer did not use the product, which they said would not degrade in landfill sites.
For many parents, the world without disposable diapers is unthinkable.
Kay Willis said: "The two biggest advances in my life in raising children are clothes dryers and disposable diapers. J.
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Willis, who has 10 children, added, "If there is a problem with disposable diapers, they 'd better fix it.
"A version of this article was printed on page 1001033 of the National edition on December 10, 1988 with the title: The world of consumers;
Will disposable diapers disappear? .