- chemical containment

by:Demi     2019-09-14
  -  chemical containment
Agence France-Presse November 7, 2016 EDT 02:01 release | update: November 7, 2016 EDT 02:01, Shanghai's glittering towers mask the vulnerability of Chinese business centers to climate change, the city spent billions of dollars trying to protect itself, but experts said, the country's authoritarian system is a hidden weakness.
According to a report from the US Climate Center last year
Based on the research group, low
As far as the population is concerned, the big cities that lie are the most risky cities in the world in Shanghai.
The global temperature rise of 2 degrees Celsius will increase the land currently inhabited by 11 degrees Celsius.
It says 6 million people. -
The highest in the world.
The growth of 4 degrees Celsius will reach 22 degrees Celsius. 4 million.
The United Nations Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change has listed Shanghai on the list of Asian cities, and it is expected that by the age of 2070, Shanghai will be most vulnerable to coastal floods.
City officials say the city is scrambling to step up its defense against increased rainfall.
Zhang Zhenyu said: "In the past two years, we have often seen more than 100 of the rainfall in an hour, but our city has only 36 of the rainfall . " The deputy director of the Shanghai flood control headquarters told AFP when the staff carefully studied the weather data.
"Especially this year, with global warming, the weather in Shanghai has changed dramatically.
"Work will begin this year with 40 billion yuan ($6 billion)
Underground tunnel. The Suzhou River in Shanghai manages excessive rainfall, and the 135-kilometer-long 500-kilometer sea wall is being strengthened. -
In China, environmental problems have become an increasingly important political issue, and many places are often covered by choking pollution, causing widespread public anger.
On the Huangpu River in Shanghai, people relax in the tall Reed and calm waters on a sunny morning, a wetland park built on the former industrial grounds with the aim of resisting floods,
But it is only a small part of the waterfront, and experts point out a neglected vulnerability to climate change --
Communist Party of China
Political system of control
It can enable the authorities to implement initiatives on a large scale as soon as they decide, such as its high
The world's largest high-speed rail network.
But for a long time, the promotion prospects of officials have been linked to economic growth in their regions, creating a "dangerous short-term
According to Cleo Paskal, a UK think tank Energy, Environment and Resources expert, "termism" in the decision-making process"
Chatham House.
She gave an example of allowing the construction of toxic chemical containment pools next to areas with high population density on fragile coasts.
She said: "In the long run, especially in the case of environmental change, this is obviously a huge risk, but for the promotion potential of the relevant decision makers, the system registers it as 'growth
Li Yifei, assistant professor of environmental studies at New York University in Shanghai, said the review is another issue, environmental research is considered too sensitive, has the potential to be banned from publishing and is only open to government officials rather than other researchers.
He said that given Shanghai's wealth, Communist Party leaders in Shanghai can deploy huge amounts of money in flood projects, but the blind spots of the machine means officials pay attention to obvious threats such as floods, this may cause public anger and anxiety.
More imperceptible issues such as biodiversity could be ignored, Li said.
"It is important to consider that climate change is an issue that affects society as a whole, it affects a lot of industries, and of course not just Dam repairs and drainage," he said . ".
"It did not come into the view of the authoritarian structure, so these issues were not properly addressed. "-Most exposed -
Activists believe that the communist authorities want to ensure social stability is the driving force behind their efforts to mitigate natural disasters.
"If thousands of ordinary families are flooded and newspapers and television are making noise on the spot, then the government will be under considerable pressure," Dai said . " Professor of Environmental Science, Fudan University, Party member of the ruling party.
But China's regulations on foreign NGOs have led Shanghai to rank worse than Dhaka in a 2012 study published in the journal Natural disasters on the vulnerability of floods in nine cities.
Since then, restrictions have been tightened further with a law passed earlier this year
They have broad powers over foreign charities and prohibit them from raising funds and recruiting in the country.
Stefania Balica, flood management researcher and engineer
The 2012 study says the skyscrapers in Pudong are "very protected and the dam is very high because it is the financial district ".
But she said those who died in natural disasters were the "most exposed people" who lived on the coast ".
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