bp spill response plans severely flawed - oil absorbent material
NEW ORLEANS —
BP's apparent mistakes and omissions in its oil spill response plan expose sloppy efforts to comply with environmental rules, surpassing Gulf Coast residents who can see on the beach how unprepared the company isBP PLC's 582-
Regional leakage plan in the Gulf region and its 52-page, site-
According to The Associated Press analysis, the specific plan for the Deepwater Horizon rig greatly underestimated the dangers posed by uncontrolled leaks and greatly exaggerated the company's readiness to deal with them.
The lengthy plans were approved by the federal government last year before BP drilled its mess. fated well. Louisiana Gov.
Bobby Jindal was angered on Wednesday after reading the AP report and said BP had respondednot proactive —all along.
"Look, everyone in South Louis Anna is clear that they don't have plans, and they don't have enough plans to deal with this oil spill," Jindal said . ".
"They did not expect the BOP (
They didn't expect so much oil to hit our shores.
They have been telling us from day one, don't worry, oil won't reach your coast.
"One of the obvious mistakes in the report is that a professor, as a national wildlife expert, was included in the BP 2009 response to the Gulf oil spill.
He passed away on 2005.
Cold plan column-
Aquatic marine mammals such as sea elephants, sea otters, sea lions and seals are "sensitive biological resources ".
"None of these animals live near the bay.
In addition, the names and phone numbers of marine biology experts at Texas A & M University are also wrong.
The same is true for the number of marine mammal stranded network offices in the states of Luis Anna and Florida, which have been disconnected.
"The AP report depicts a picture of a company that, while moving on, tells regulators that it has the ability to deal with major leaks," Sen said . ". Bill Nelson, D-Fla. Wrote in the emailmail to the AP.
"We know it's not true.
Nelson said he and Sen.
A criminal investigation into some of the company's allegations was requested.
Earlier this month, the federal government announced a criminal and civil investigation into the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
Attorney General Eric Holder did not say who could be the target of an investigation into America's biggest oil spillS. history.
Legal experts say that to bring criminal charges, the Justice Department must find evidence that BP or other companies involved in the explosion of the deadly oil rig and subsequent leaks have planned cover-up, destroy key documents or lie to government personnel.
According to various environmental protection laws, charges and civil penalties can be filed.
The British oil giant said in its Deepwater Horizon plan: "BP Exploration and Production
Has the ability to respond to worst-case emissions or major threats to such emissions from activities proposed in our exploration plan, to the extent that it is most feasible.
"In the leak scenario detailed in the document, fish, marine mammals and birds escaped serious damage;
The beach is pristine;
Water quality is only a temporary problem.
These are predictions of leakage, about 10 times worse than the calculation results of the disaster that is occurring. Rep.
Darrell Isa of California, a senior Republican on the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, is investigating the failure of the federal Minerals administration, which oversees the oil rig.
He said on Wednesday that if serious efforts were made to reform the agency, "mistakes" in the BP report would be found.
"This is another example of MMS as an industrial rubber stamp, and industry seeks the lowest possible safety standards at the expense of the environment and economic vitality of the Gulf region, he said.
Daren Beaudo, a spokesman for BP, said that the plan would be reviewed accordingly so that we could determine which measures worked and which needed to be improved.
"So far, we have implemented the biggest oil spill response in history, many of which are effective.
However, we are very disappointed that oil has landed and affected the coastline and swamps.
The situation we are dealing with is obviously complex and unprecedented, and will provide us with many things to learn from . "
The plans contain false assumptions about the oil spill.
The method proposed by BP to calculate the volume of the leak based on the darkness of the oil gloss is out of date.
The international accepted formula is estimated to be 100 times higher.
The Gulf circulation is expected to help eventually deliver hundreds of miles of oil on the southern tip of Florida and off the Atlantic coast, neither of which is mentioned.
Sites listed for ocean leak response company—
One of the two companies BP relies on to clean up the leak.
A link to a Japanese who has closed downlanguage page.
At the beginning of May, at least 80 Lewis Anna state prisoners were trained to clean birds by listening to speeches and watching videos.
This is a labor force that has never been envisioned in the plan, and there is no detailed reference to how birds are washed with oil.
While BP officials and the federal government insist that they have attacked the issue as if it were a bigger leak, it is not obvious from the changing nature of the response.
When asked if he was angry about the lack of planning, Jindal said: "This is definitely the case. Absolutely.
You can't just think of it as the best.
Your plan is impossible and the BOP will be successful.
Your plan is impossible. The oil will not exceed 50 miles to reach our coast.
Your plan can't be that if the blowout preventer doesn't work then the trash shot will work and then the mud shot will work.
"This week, after BP reported on the seemingly good news that the helmet installed on the wellhead delivered some of the gushing crude oil to tankers on the water supply surface, BP launched a new set of plans, the main purpose is to get more oil.
The latest incarnation requires the construction of a larger lid, the use of a special incinerator to burn some recycled oil, and the introduction of a floating platform to handle the oil sucked from the gushing oil well
In other words, on-the-
Continue the flight plan.
One of the most obvious mistakes in BP's plan is
Florida professor Peter Lutz is one of dozens of experts recommended as a resource in the oil spill.
Lutz is listed as go-
Wildlife experts at the University of Miami
But famous turtle expert Lutz left Miami nearly 20 years ago as chairman of the department of marine biology at Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton.
Four years before the plan was announced, he died.
Molly lutawag, a research professor at the University of Massachusetts-
Amherst worked closely with Lutz to write a groundbreaking report on the impact of oil on sea turtles and was frustrated to hear that Lutz was still included in the response plan.
"It's very frustrating and shocking to pay little attention to real contingency plans," she said . ".
What would peter think? Oh, boy.
I think he would think it's typical bureaucracy.
"There are other examples of how BP's plan failed :-
The beach where oil is washed within a few weeks of the oil spill should be safe, as BP promises that it can bring enough ships together to collect all the oil before any deep water spill reaches the coast-
It seems ridiculous to recall.
"The vessels concerned maintain the necessary leak containment and recycling equipment to respond effectively," one of the documents said . ".
BP claims that a combined reaction can remove 20 million gallons of oil from water, oil absorption or otherwise every day.
But that's how much it leaked in the past six weeks.
According to Hans Grabel, director of satellite sensing facilities at the University of Miami, the oil slick now covers about 3,300 square miles.
Only managed to skim a small part of the leak.
Also, an undetermined part has sunk to the bottom of the bay or is suspended somewhere between the two.
The plan uses computer modeling to predict that within one month of the oil spill, the likelihood of oil reaching the coast of the state of Luis Anna is 21%.
In fact, just nine days after the April 20 explosion, a flash of oil reached the Mississippi Delta.
Followed by a heavy globe.
Within weeks of the explosion, other areas where oil was washed away were described in BP's regional plan as safe from any oil hazard. —
BP website plan for birds, turtles or endangered marine mammals (
"No adverse effects ")
It turned out to be too optimistic.
While the exact number of deaths from Bay wildlife may never be known, the impact is clearly devastating.
More than 400 oily birds have been treated, while dozens of birds have been found dead and covered with crude oil, mainly in the state of Luis Anna, as well as Mississippi, Alabama and Florida.
More than 200 lifeless turtles, several dolphins and countless fish were also washed ashore.
The response plan did not anticipate such a scale.
Since this place is far from the coast, there should be no problem with the coastline.
"Because of the distance from the coast (48 miles)
"The responsiveness that will be implemented is not expected to have a significant adverse impact," the site plan said . ".
But this distance does not protect valuable resources.
Last week, a group of environmental research center scientists released a computer model that showed oil could travel in ocean currents around Florida and North Carolina before summer. —
Perhaps the most obvious example of the failure of BP's plan: The company insists that the scale of the leak is not important because it has been reacting to the worst --
Case scenarios have always been.
However, with the estimated size of the leak per day increasing from 42,000 gallons to 210,000 gallons to 1 gallon.
BP was forced to emergency 8 million gallons
Create potential solutions in flight, add more ships, more prosperity, more oil-skimming, more workers.
Containment dome, top kill, top hat.
Although a devastating disaster like a major oil spill could cause unforeseen problems, BP's plan did not even anticipate the most obvious problems, solving problems that have proved overwhelming in a large number of languages.
In response to the Associated Press's lengthy list of questions, the Interior Ministry, which oversees MMS, seems to acknowledge that there is a problem with the two oil spill response plans.
"Many of the questions you raised are exactly the ones that the presidential commission will review and answer, as well as other investigations into the BP oil spill," Kendra Barkoff said . ", Spokeswoman for Interior Minister Ken Salazar
She added that Salazar had made changes to MMS.
A key failure in the plan to clean up the terms is the scarcity of prosperity --
Floating lines of plastic or absorbing materials placed around sensitive areas to transfer oil.
From the beginning, local officials along the Gulf of Mexico complained about the lack of supply, especially the heavier ones.
Called prosperity of the ocean
But even BP said in its regional plan that prosperity was ineffective in waters over three to 4 feet kilometers;
The waves in the Bay are usually larger.
Even in calm waters, oil has flooded important wildlife breeding grounds isolated by multiple levels of prosperity.
BP plans to provide comprehensive resources for all;
There is no need to share the topic.
Still, the state of Alabama
Bob Riley said that when oil threatened to land there, the Coast Guard decided to move the boom to the state of Luis Anna, which made his coast vulnerable.
At the same time, in prakming parish in the state of Luis Anna, some complained that the prosperity of several miles in the water was not properly anchored now.
AP reporters saw evidence they were right.
Some of the boom lines were broken, and they hardly prevented the oil from advancing towards the coast. Some out-of-
The national contractor misplaced the prosperity because it did not understand the local waters, but the disbanding organization hindered efforts to use local vessels. In Venice, La.
Near the flow of the Mississippi River into the bay, a large group of charter captains are thought to be sitting on the dock all day, earning $2,000 a day, but never attacking oil.
AP writers Ted Brigis and Erin Sullivan contributed to the report in Washington, D. C. , Brian skolov of Grand Island, Los Angeles. , Harry R.
Webb in Houston and Jason brownness in New Orleans.
More reports from Venice, Los Angeles.
Pritchard reports in Los Angeles.