bp oil spill: after the human cost will come the cost of safer oil production - oil spill kit
In the darkness of the Bay night, 28 workers were either killed or injured as the first batch of mud poured violently, out of control, onto the rig floor and then exploded in the air.
For a long time, the pressure on the bottom of the sea has been great, forcing mud, seawater, oil and gas to form a deadly mixture through the pipes and vents of the rig, and finally, pour the dreaded cocktail on the heads of the fearful workers.
It's all in just four minutes.
There is no time to think calmly about how to deal with this situation.
Yesterday's report recorded the inevitable panic call that followed.
"The well is blowing out," and by that time, 126 workers on the rig were "surrounded by flammable mixtures" and the noise that any drilling operator was most worried about became audible --
The terrible hiss of gas leaking under high pressure.
Accompanied by a terrible and inevitable sound, the cracked sound gives the first alarm to penetrate the night air.
The second alarm was then triggered, then another, and then another, because the scale of the gas leak hidden on the Deepwater Horizon was confirmed.
It's hard to imagine such a living nightmare, but in the middle of it all, a worse feeling is about to hang over the staff.
The vibration will be felt first, and after a few seconds, with the broken bottom of 18,000 below finally releasing oil and gas, the fast building roar.
So far, the workers have experienced seven minutes of suffering.
The huge power generation engine of the rig is the next engine contaminated by the leaking gas, sending them into speeding, and then suddenly the lights start to flash and go out as the power is lost.
Just 5 seconds later, the explosion exploded on the rig, followed by another 10 seconds.
Nine minutes, 11 people were killed and 17 injured, followed by three months of oil flooding into the Gulf of Mexico.
Ironically, the well is preparing for a shutdown.
The workers will go to another job soon.
But how does a relatively conventional procedure seal a well into a fatal disaster?
BP oil spill report: eight main causes of BP oil spill: full Deepwater Horizon accident report BP's report re-launched the blame game for the Gulf of Mexico oil spill: it is clear from the version of the incident released by BP yesterday that something that may have gone wrong has indeed gone wrong.
It includes a faulty cement plug, a failed mechanical barrier, a stress test misunderstood by workers, and the flow of oil and gas into the pipeline without attention.
However, once the problem is found, the reaction on the rig cannot be restored to control.
When transferring the lethal liquid to a completely inadequate mud and gas separation device on the rig, a critical error is made, not excessive, aggravating the danger and allowing the gas to surround the platform.
Once escaped on board, the fire protection system of the rig was unable to prevent the gas from entering the engine, which made the ignition inevitable.
Finally, the blowout preventer used to seal the submarine well failed, resulting in underwater debris and environmental damage for several weeks.
But who should blame?
BP appears to have made a preliminary proposal in 200 pages or more of the report, but at the same time it is also very sharp to point out that the direction of Burton and Transocean is drilling next to BP.
According to BP, if we take anti-spray measures, arguably the most controversial failure, to allow such a huge surge of oil into the Gulf, then it should be blamed on the ocean.
While this report is important to improve our understanding of what happened that day, it is actually BP who said one thing to its partners, Halberton and Transocean.
"If we are going down, you will go down with us.
"It's just the first time in a long and tortuous legal process, because the companies involved are arguing about how the bill for this disaster will be distributed.
But the report suggests a broader impact.
BP said it would adopt a series of proposals.
However, it is hard to imagine how any exploration and production company operating not only in the United States but also around the world would avoid following suit.
The proposals may be about improving procedures, security and capabilities, but they can also be burdensome.
They began to reduce the tolerance of death that the extractive industry has been allowing, whether mining or oil and gas production.
The tolerance is pushed to zero (
Where should I be)
Higher production costs.
While oil prices will still be determined by many factors, the implementation of the new drilling procedures after the "Deep Water Horizon" will play a greater role in putting upward pressure on oil prices.
But it's also perfectly reasonable that companies with deep-water horizon drilling platforms, such as blood pressure, will take a long time to carefully study the rationale for developing technically challenging deep-water discoveries such as the Gulf of Mexico.
A new equation must be considered when assessing risk.
For example, does Iraq say it would be wiser to spend less on the technical challenges of pumping oil and gas out of the sea floor and transferring resources to more wells in the desert?
The challenge here is not technology, but security.
All this will reduce the cost.
But no matter what kind of solutions and directions oil producers choose to protect profits, they need more expensive expertise and support to ensure that the Deepwater Horizon is no longer repeated.
This means that, in addition to lawyers, successful oil and gas service companies have a bright and profitable future, providing companies like BP with the expertise that yesterday's report proved to be very lacking.