- absorption of water

by:Demi     2019-09-05
  -  absorption of water
Cara Lee's article for The Daily Mail: 19: 56 on November 18, 2013, EDT | update: 05: 25 on November 19, 2013, Did you go to the medicine cabinet under the first pain prompt?
Last year, 6 billion painkillers were purchased at the counter, and sales grew at a rate of 4.
1% per year.
However, one of the three people used long-
According to a study by Nuffield Health, long-term pain medication concerns will depend on it.
There are also concerns about its health effects, such as stomach bleeding.
Is brand products better than cheap generic drugs in supermarkets?
Here, experts explain how to make the most of painkillers.
At the same time minimize any potential sideeffects.
There is no need to buy expensive painkillers in attractive packages that claim to work faster or for specific issues.
Basic painkillers in some stores, such as news-on-the-go and ibuprofen, cost only 20 p, while the expert version of the pain-on-the-go may cost £ 5.
Dr Mike Pratt, chief consultant for pain services at Imperial Healthcare NHS Trust, said I would always choose a cheaper drug.
Some tablets claim to work faster, but the change in absorption speed will be trivial.
Normal painkillers start working after 20 to 30 minutes, and even the "quick" pills have to go through the same process --
Arrived in the stomach, absorbed by the small intestine decomposition.
Liquid capsules may be absorbed faster, he said, because they are easier to break down --
But this will be a time difference that is "relatively insignificant.
When it comes to overthe-
For specific complaints, such as menstrual pain and migraine, these painkillers are often not worth buying, experts say.
Nitu Bajekal, consultant for obstetrics and gynecology at Barnet Hospital in north London, said that for pain during the period, ibuprofen will be as effective as a "targeted" product because the ingredients are the same. Most migraine-
Dr. Giles Elrington, medical director at the charity's National migraine Center, said targeted drugs are just standard painkillers.
The exception is the Imigran Recovery Migraleve Super, which contains Suma (
A drug that imitates the role of the brain's "happy chemistry"-five serotonin
This deficiency is thought to cause migraine).
But Dr Ellington added that it was much more expensive than sumatotan on the prescription.
Read the small print on the flyer and you will find that most of the products contain standard ibuprofen or breath-taking.
Many painkillers contain caffeine to enhance the effect.
According to research,the-
Prescription drugs that add caffeine are more effective for all pain.
In the case of a headache, caffeine is thought to relieve the pain by contracting the discomfort-causing dilated blood vessels.
But Dr. Ellington is not convinced.
He said cynical people might say that the reason why caffeine is combined with painkillers in tablets is to get patients back to eat more.
Dr. Pratt is also skeptical: "Caffeine stimulates the brain, but I suspect it will make painkillers work better --
Caffeine in a cup of coffee does the same.
If caffeine does help, then it's better to have a cup of coffee, tea or green tea (
Caffeine is generally less)
Nitu Bajekal agreed instead of a larger dose of tablets.
Caffeine has good resistance.
Inflammatory but also side effects
Effects such as insomnia, migraine and addiction.
"Wake up in pain and you may take painkillers right away.
But if it's ibuprofen or somethingsteroidal anti-
Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID)
It hurts the stomach, like aspirin. Anti-
The most effective inflammation for muscle pain (such as menstrual pain and neck pain) is by blocking the enzymes that cause inflammation and pain.
But these enzymes can also protect the stomach wall from stomach acid.
So taking NSAID will stimulate the stomach.
Dr Pratt said this is more likely if tablets are taken on an empty stomach because the food is like a mat.
Milk or yogurt is ideal for protecting the stomach wall.
He also recommends taking a glass of water pill so that it doesn't concentrate too much when the drug hits the stomach wall and it doesn't get stuck in the throat or drum.
It is OK to swallow a pill with another drink such as tea.
It can be taken on an empty stomach because it does not affect the stomach lining, but works by targeting certain pain nerves in the brain.
Nitu Bajekal said many people took painkillers at the wrong time and complained that they were not working.
This is especially important for menstrual pain, which tends to occur when enzyme release in the uterus is called a chemical substance called Prost.
These narrow blood vessels can prevent women from bleeding when they lose blood, but this can cause severe muscle cramps in the uterus, resulting in pain.
The right time to take painkillers is when the chemicals start to release, usually the day before the bleeding.
Bajekal said that taking NSAID IDs in the first sign of bleeding or pain is the only pain killer that can fight the forefront.
Dr. Pratt added: "The sooner you take painkillers, the better.
So there are fewer chances for nerves to be sensitive to them.
For example, he advised migraine patients to take anti-migraine drugs.
Take migraine tablets as soon as the attack occurs.
People with arthritis usually feel the most pain in the morning, so they should take painkillers first (with food)or a long-
Agent tablet before bed.
It's best to have a hangover because the NSAID stimulates alcohol-induced stomach inflammation, said Roger Nagus of the Royal Pharmaceutical Association.
But headaches can be related to dehydration, so you 'd better drink plenty of water.
If your hangover is very serious, you may need a treat (
A weak opioid that works by blocking the pain receptor)Dr. Pratt added.
Our organs do not work effectively as we age, so the drug stays in the body longer.
Dr Pratt said older people must make sure they set aside enough time between different doses.
Nor can their kidneys discharge drugs effectively.
Dr Pratt says your heart may be a little slower too.
"Your cycle time is slower, so it takes longer for the drug to bypass the body.
The water in our body also works.
For most of our lives, we have more water in our cells than outside the cells, but this is reversed with age.
This affects the speed at which drugs reach the liver, which is the organ for the metabolism of painkillers, as they may sit in a liquid between cells.
For these reasons, local resistance
Inflammatory substances in gels, creams and patches-
For example, relieve knee pain
This may be a better replacement for tablets for older people.
This also avoids the risk to the stomach.
The downside is that there are fewer drugs absorbed through the skin than tablets.
High dose of NSAID IDs (except aspirin)
Associated with a high risk of blood clots, so high risk seniors with strokes or heart attacks should discuss their use with the GP.
Even if it does not exceed the recommended daily limit, it is dangerous to take three pills at a time instead of one or two.
Dr. Pratt said this could drown the enzymes of the metabolic drugs in the liver. 'Or three anti-
Inflammatory drugs may cause problems in the stomach wall.
He added that the recommended ceiling is the number of drugs that allow the body to handle in the best way.
Continue to take more than the maximum daily dose (four grams)
It can lead to liver failure, which can be fatal.
People often worry that taking too many painkillers can make them addicted or develop resistance to the drug, but this is not excessive usethe-
Pain and resistance
Inflammation, Dr. Pratt said.
However, opioid drugs
If waiting for a reason-
With this medicine on the prescription, you can become tolerant of them, and if you take it regularly, you need more medicine to produce the same effect.
This is generally not suitable for overdoses of codeine in smaller doses. the-
Counter products.
Taking painkillers for more than ten days a month can make headaches or migraine worse, probably because there is a natural shift in migraine --
Off mechanism of frequent drug use inhibition.
Dr. Elrington said it is best to make frequent migraines that are slow to respond to drugs occur naturally.
It is believed that more than a million Britons have been treated with these drugs.
Over-use headache
Dr. Elrington suggested to see a doctor if the painkillers do not work or if the pain continues to recur.
But he added: "If you can put up with the symptoms, consider if it's worth taking a drug with side effects --effects.
Some people think it would be helpful to eat half a pain killer.
Dr. Elrington suggested that if the tablet does not have a production line, do not break it.
If the dose is too small, the tablets without it will not work properly.
It would be better to initially hit the pain with a good dose.
Also, there is a coating on some of the NSAID pills (
Think of protecting the stomach lining)
Dr Ellington said it would split into pieces.
Not only does this make them difficult to take, it also means that they are more likely to be absorbed in the stomach than in the large intestine.
Some tablets are designed to absorb slowly (such as 12-hour drugs)
If they were broken, they would not have done so.
Custom message
Chat Online 编辑模式下无法使用
Chat Online inputting...